August / September 2015: Shootings in Timika echo Bloody Paniai incident

In brief

At the end of August 2015, there were at least 45 political prisoners in Papua. At the end of September, the number of political prisoners remained the same.

In Timika alone, there were three separate incidents of shootings against young indigenous Papuans perpetrated by Indonesian security forces during the extended period of this Update. On 28 August, Imanuel Marimau and Yulianus Okare, both 23 years old, were shot dead by two soldiers from Military District Command 1710 (Komando Distrik Militer 1710, Kodim 1710) during a traditional ritual held in honour of a local man who had received a doctorate degree. At least five others were injured. On 28 September, two separate shootings occurred. The first involved the shooting of three teenagers by Mimika Baru District Police (Polsek Mimika Baru), resulting in the death of 18-year-old Kalep Bagau and the injuring of two others. While the motives behind the shootings remain unclear, witnesses allege that it was in response to an act of vandalism earlier that day. An hour following this incident, Niko Bedes, aged 21, was shot and seriously injured by two army officers after a motorcycle he was riding pillion on collided into their vehicle, on Yos Sudarso street in Timika.

In Jayapura, three young men were kidnapped and tortured by Jayapura City police officers over the alleged theft of a motorcycle. In another incident in Intan Jaya, students were brutally beaten by authorities, including the Regent of Intan Jaya, Natalis Tabuni, and police Mobile Brigades (Brigades Mobil, Brimob) officers under his instruction.

The willingness to resort to excessive use of force not only demonstrates a low standard of professionalism and discipline within security forces, but also shows a poor understanding of basic human rights obligations. This climate of increasing police and military brutality further exacerbates existing tensions and distrust towards state authorities amongst indigenous Papuans.

The arrests of students in Intan Jaya and Sorong who were protesting the poor state of the education system in Papua shows that it is not only political demonstrations that are shut down; restrictions on freedom of expression are wide-ranging and can affect any attempt to criticise the government.

Arrests

13 students arrested in Sorong for demonstrating against poor education system

On 13 August, 13 students were arrested by Sorong City Regional Police on their way to hold a demonstration demanding the resignation of the Sorong City Head of Education and Culture due to the poor state of the education system. Amad Rumalean, the Head of the Sorong Regional Police Criminal Investigation Unit (Kasat Reskrim), told Jubi that the demonstration was forcibly dispersed as the demonstrators did not have a letter of ‘consent’ from the police, thus making the action ‘illegal.’ It is believed that the 13 demonstrators have since been released without charge.

KNPB Merauke leader arrested during raid on secretariat

On 8 August 2015, at around 11:00 Papua time, Gento Emerikus, a KNPB leader from Merauke was arrested by police during a raid on the KNPB secretariat led by Marthin Koagouw, the Head of the Operational Division, (Kepala Bagian Operasional, Kabagops) of Merauke Regional Police. According to an eyewitness interviewed by Jubi, police reportedly cited a planned event boycotting Indonesia’s Independence Day on 17 August and prevented them from holding any gatherings. KNPB members denied planning a boycott. It is believed that Emerikus has since been released.

Two KNPB activists arrested and beaten for distributing flyers

On 16 September, two KNPB members, Hariel Luluk and Arpinus Magayong were arrested by Yahukimo police for distributing flyers announcing the outcome of the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) meeting in Papua New Guinea. They were beaten in detention in Yahukimo Regional Police Station and were released without charge a few hours later.

Releases

Yoseph Arwakon released following sentence remission

On 17 August, Yoseph Arwakon, one of five remaining detainees in the Biak 1 May case was released after receiving remission. Remissions are regularly given to prisoners on Indonesian Independence Day. The four remaining detainees, Oktovianus Warnares, Markus Sawias, George Syors Simyapen and Jantje Wamaer continue to serve their sentences in Biak prison.

Three activists in Fakfak released

Information from KNPB activists in Fakfak reported that the three men arrested in Fakfak on 3 July 2015 for participating in a demonstration in support of the ULMWP have been released. Apnel Hegemur, Roy Marten Mury and Daniel Hegemur were detained for several hours before being released without charge.

UNIPA student leader released

Information from lawyers from the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid, (Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum, LP3BH) reported that Domingus Babika, a student at the State University of Papua (Universitas Papua, UNIPA) active in leading demonstrations in Manokwari, was released shortly after his detention on 1 May 2015. Babika was arrested for his role in leading a demonstration in Manokwari commemorating the 52nd anniversary of the administrative transfer of Papua to Indonesia.

Political trials and cases overview

Lanny Jaya torture case victims sentenced to three years’ imprisonment; Kelpis Wenda escapes prison

Lawyers from AlDP reported that on 20 August, Kamori Murib and Kelpis Wenda were sentenced to three years’ imprisonment for possessing a firearm under charges of Emergency Law 12/1951. The Public Prosecutor had previously called for a four-year sentence each for the two men. On 23 August, Kelpis Wenda reportedly escaped Wamena prison during a mass prison break.

The two men were arrested and tortured in relation to the possession of a pistol. They had reportedly intended to hand over a pistol belonging to a deceased relative to the Papuan Legislative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua, DPRD) authorities in Puncak Jaya regency, in response to a weapons amnesty.

Palm oil plantation protestors sentenced

On 25 August, Obed Korie was sentenced to five months’ imprisonment while Odie Aitago to seven months. Prosecutor Katrina Dimara previously demanded a prison sentence of one year for Obed Korie and eight months for Odi Aitago. On 15 May 2015, the two men were arrested in Sorong for demonstrating against palm oil plantation company PT Permata Putera Mandiri (PPM), a subsidiary of the Austindo Nusantara Jaya Group. Korie and Aitago were among a group of indigenous Papuans from the Iwaro tribe who protested against PPM’s seizure of their customary land. They were charged with violence towards persons or property under Article 170 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. Korie is expected to be released in October and Aitago in December this year.

MSG demo detainees in Manokwari still detained at Brimob HQ

Lawyers with LP3BH reported that the four detainees – Alexander Nekenem, Narko Murib, Maikel Aso and Yoram Magai – arrested in May for their participation in a demonstration in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG (Melanesian Spearhead Group) membership remain in detention at the Brimob Headquarters (Mako Brimob) in Manokwari. Lawyers reported that their detention at the Brimob headquarters make access to healthcare, family and lawyers particularly difficult for the four detainees. The four men have been charged with incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

ULMWP supporters detained in Biak to face trial in October

Human rights lawyers accompanying Apolos Sroyer, Dorteus Bonsapia and Wamoka Yudas Kossay reported that the trial for the three men will begin on 15 October. The three men face charges of incitement and spreading lies under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code and Article 14 of Law 1/1946 respectively. The three men are currently being detained in Biak Prison.

Piethein Manggaprouw sentence increased to three years

Kontras Papua lawyers accompanying Piethein Manggaprouw reported that his prison sentence was increased from two to three years following a court decision of an appeal launched by the Prosecution. On 19 October 2013, Manggaprouw was arrested for leading a peaceful demonstration in Biak commemorating the Third Papuan Peoples’ Congress.

Markus Sawias sentence increased to four years

KontraS Papua reported that Markus Sawias, one of the four remaining detainees in the Biak 1 May case received an increased prison sentence of four years following a decision on a second appeal launched by the Prosecution. On 1 May 2013, Sawias was one of six people arrested following a peaceful flag-raising ceremony at which police opened fire.

Cases of concern

Three teenagers shot by district police in Timika; one dead, two injured

Information received by local human rights investigators reported that on 28 September, at around 19:00 Papuan time, three teenagers were shot by Mimika Baru District Police (Polsek Mimika Baru) at Gorong-Gorong market in Timika regency. While the motive behind the shooting remains unclear, according to witness statements recorded by local investigators, the shootings were reportedly in response to the vandalism of a house. 18-year-old Kalep Bagau was shot dead while two other teenagers, Efrando Sabarofek and Bastian Korwa, both 17 years old, sustained injuries.

Reports containing testimonies from the surviving victims stated that the three teenagers were idling away time by the Tiang Tower in Timika when three Mimika Baru District police officers in a patrol car stopped and threatened them. The officers reportedly told the teenagers: “Leave this place. If not, we will shoot you. (Kamu bubar dari tempat itu, kalau tidak kamu dapat tembak).” One of the teenagers replied: “Brother, we are just sitting here, we are not doing anything. (Kaka, kami hanya duduk-duduk saja, kami tidak buat apa-apa).” Following this response, the police drove away. Sometime later, the three teenagers decided to head to Biak Complex (Kompleks Biak Jalur Satu). On their way there, they noticed the patrol car from earlier on parked outside a residence. As they were passing, the three Mimika Baru District police officers opened fire on them from a distance of about six to seven metres away.

Bagau, a high school student at Hope Vocational High School (SMK Harapan), was shot in the chest and died shortly afterwards. Sabarofek was shot on the left side of his chest and inner right thigh. Korwa was shot on the ride side of his chest with a rubber bullet. Both surviving teenagers, Sabarofek and Korwa, managed to escape from the police, and were brought to Timika General Hospital (Rumah Sakit Umum Timika). According to testimony from one of the surviving victims, shortly after the shootings, security officers arriving in three cars and several motorcycles had gathered at the scene of the shootings. While the motive behind the shootings remain uncertain, witness testimony alleges that it may have been in response to a vandalism on the residence where the patrol car was parked earlier that day.

Latest information from the surviving victims reported that Sabarofek’s condition remains critical and he is currently seeking medical treatment, while Korwa sustained light injuries. Local human rights investigators stated that police have not taken responsibility for medical costs. Reports also alleged that parents of the two victims have been threatened by police officers. Police have reportedly telephoned them threatening that their sons would be detained. Families of the victims have requested human rights defenders accompanying the survivors to seek answers to why police had shot the three teenagers.

Two Papuans shot dead by soldiers in Timika

On 28 August, Imanuel Marimau and Yulianus Okare, both 23 years old, were shot dead while at least five others suffered injuries when two soldiers from Military District Command 1710 (Komando Distrik Militer 1710, Kodim 1710) opened fire on a group of people in Koperapoka in Mimika Regency. Chief Sergeant Serkha Makher and First Sergeant Sertu Arshar were reportedly drunk when they interrupted a traditional ritual held in a church courtyard by members of the Kamoro tribe in Timika in honour of a local man who had received a doctorate degree.

According to information from Timika-based investigators, two army officers arrived on motorcycles in an intoxicated state and attempted to disrupt the celebrations. After being told that they were not welcome at the event, the soldiers reportedly left, only to return a short while later with rifles and bayonets. They then allegedly began threatening the group of people with their weapons before leaving the church courtyard and positioning themselves on the road outside. Reports state that the soldiers then fired shots at the group, killing two and injuring at least four others. Reports state that Mairimau died after he was shot at the back of the head, while Okoare died from a gunshot wound in the stomach. Marthinus Afukafi, Martinus Imputa, Thomas Apoka, Moses Imipu and Amalia Apoka suffered gunshot injuries and were later hospitalised. According to reports in Jubi, there may be more victims of the shooting, but data was unavailable as security forces restricted human rights investigators from collecting information on victims hospitalised at Mimika General Hospital (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Mimika).

According to a report from Jubi, Lieutenant Colonel Andi Kusworo, the District Military Commander of Kodim 1710, stated that a new regulation would be issued regarding restrictions on soldiers carrying weapons while in towns. On 28 August, the two soldiers were arrested and detained in the Military Police office in Timika. According to a military spokesperson, the soldiers had allegedly acted in self-defence after being attacked by members of the group who participated in the celebrations.

On 7 September, the National Human Rights Commission (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) sent a monitoring team to Timika tasked with collecting data on the incident. Komnas HAM Chief Nur Kholis criticised the lack of transparency in investigations conducted by relevant state institutions. The military is reported to be conducting its own investigations into the incident.

Local and international civil society groups, including church and student organisations, have strongly condemned the shootings. The Council of Pacific Churches (Dewan Gereja-Gereja Pasifik) urged Indonesian authorities to address arbitrary killings, torture and human rights violations in Papua. On 4 September, demonstrators from the Papuan Students Alliance (Aliansi Mahasiswa Papua, AMP) in Malang demanded that the perpetrators be brought to trial and the military be withdrawn from Papua.

Army officers shoot Papuan man over roadside accident

Reports from Timika-based human rights defenders stated that on 28 September, a 21-year-old man named Niko Bedes was shot by two army officers following a roadside accident. While this incident took place shortly after the shootings of three Papuan teenagers by Mimika Baru District police officers (see item above), it appears to be a separate shooting, unrelated to the earlier incident.

According to reports, at around 20:00 Papua time, Bedes hitched a motorcycle ride from a friend following a trip to the market. On their way back, his friend lost control of the motorcycle and collided with an oncoming vehicle on Yos Sudarso street in front of the post office in Timika. Two army officers then reportedly stepped out of the vehicle. While Bedes remained laying on the road after the collision, his friend managed to run away. The two army officers then shot Bedes, injuring his left calf.

Shortly after that, Bedes was forced into a police patrol car that had arrived at the scene. He was brought to Mimika Baru District Police Station and put in a detention cell separate from other detainees. Local reports stated that the two army officers also confiscated his mobile phone and wallet containing IDR 250,000 and his identity card. Bedes was kept overnight in a cell and not given any medical attention despite his screams for help the whole night. He bled continuously from his leg. The next morning, at around 08:00, he was told by police officers that he could return home. He was not offered any medical assistance by police. As he could not walk, a police officer, whose identity is not known, drove him to the main road and gave him IDR 20,000 to pay for a motorcycle taxi ride home. He was later brought to Timika General Hospital by his wife. On 30 September, when asked about the incident, police reportedly stated that the victim had got into an accident when his motorcycle collided with a metal beam by the side of the road. There has been no police investigation into this case thus far.

Three Papuans kidnapped and tortured in Jayapura

On 28 August, three men were kidnapped and tortured in Jayapura by Jayapura City police (Polresta Jayapura). Jubi reported that at around 03:00, Elieser Awom, Soleman Yom and Yafet Awom were out buying cigarettes at a kiosk close to their home when they were forced into a car by four men. One of the four men reportedly wore a police uniform while the other three were dressed in plainclothes. The three young Papuan men were accused of stealing a motorcycle and were told that they were to be interrogated at a police station.

Instead of being taken to a police station, they were driven to East Sentani, a town at the opposite end of Jayapura. Throughout the journey there, they were forced to confess to the accusations under torture. According to testimony reported in Jubi, Yafet Awom was stabbed on the thigh with a knife and burned with cigarette butts. He also suffered bruises on the right side of his body from being beaten with a butt of a bayonet. He is reported to be in a state of trauma and is having difficulty speaking and eating. Soleman Awom was stabbed in the neck with a bayonet and also suffered other bruises from being beaten and kicked. Elieser Awom was stabbed in the back and on the right shoulder and kicked in the chest. He is having difficulty walking due to the beatings he suffered.

Once they arrived in Sentani, Soleman Yom and Elieser Awom were forced out of the car. When they started running away, the men in the car fired four shots in their direction. Yom and Awom hid in a village nearby and were sent home by local villagers the following day. Yafet Awom was detained in Jayapura City Regional Police Station and released the following morning.

On 31 August, relatives of the three victims went to the Papuan Police Headquarters to demand a thorough investigation into the incident. According to a statement made by Papuan Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Warterpauw, the two Jayapura City police officers, Second Brigadiers (Bripda) Suherman and Damani, are currently being investigated by Propam (Provos Pengamanan, Provost Security), the police internal complaints and investigations mechanism and the Criminal Investigations unit (Reskrim Polda). The three men are receiving legal accompaniment from the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP).

Roby Pekey shot then charged with theft

In our July update, we reported on the detention and shooting of 21-year-old Roby Pekey by Jayawijaya Regional police in Wamena. He was then sent to Wamena General Hospital for medical treatment for his gunshot injuries. Information from lawyers accompanying him stated that Pekey is currently in detention at Wamena Regional Police Station while awaiting trial. He has been charged with theft under Article 362 of the Indonesian Criminal Code for allegedly stealing a motorcycle.

Lawyers accompanying Pekey has stated that his arrest and detention were carried out in contravention with regular police procedure. AlDP reported that his detention warrant was released two days, or more than 24 hours, after his arrest. According to Indonesian criminal procedure, a detention warrant must be issued 24 hours after a detainees’ arrest. Additionally, lawyers stated that he was arrested without an arrest warrant.

During court hearings in August, Second Brigadier (Bripda) Eko Putra Wijaya Basri, one of the policeman involved in Pekey’s arrest, testified that he had shot Pekey in the left ankle to incapacitate him. Basri admitted that even though Pekey had fallen to the ground and had been secured by police officers, he was shot again by another police officer. His testimony contradicts previous statements by Jayawijaya Regional Police that Pekey had only been shot once. His lawyers report that Pekey was shot three times. Pekey, a nursing student, maintained that he had not stolen the motorcycle but had instead bought it from a pawn shop.

Tolikara incident detainees under town arrest

In our July update, we reported on the detention of two men in relation to the Tolikara case. Human rights lawyers with KontraS Papua accompanying Jundi Wanimbo and Ariyanto Kogoya reported that the two men have been released from detention but remain under city arrest. The two men were arrested in relation to the burning of kiosks on 17 July, which spread to a musholla (a prayer room) where Eid al-Fitr prayers were taking place.

On 18 September, lawyers accompanying the two men submitted a bail appeal to the Wamena High Court. On 23 September, the two men were released from detention in the Papuan Police Headquarters (Polda Papua) on bail but remain under town arrest in Tolikara. They still face charges of arson and violence against person or property under Articles 187 and 170 of the Indonesian Criminal Code, but it is not yet clear when their trial will begin.

On 17 July, a 16-year-old teenager named Endy Wanimbo was shot dead and at least 11 people suffered gunshot injuries when security officers started shooting at a crowd of people who were protesting the use loudspeakers during an Eid prayer session. According to KontraS Papua lawyers, there is little sign that the perpetrators of the shootings will be brought to account.

Intan Jaya Regent participates in brutal forced dispersal of student demonstration

On 17 and 18 August, student demonstrators demanding transparency regarding mismanagement of student aid funds were brutally dispersed by Intan Jaya authorities. Students also protested against planned mining activity in Intan Jaya without proper consultation with local customary land owners

On 17 August, students from the Intan Jaya Student Movement (Gerakan Pelajar dan Mahasiswa Peduli Intan Jaya, GPMPI) demonstrating outside Soko Paki Airport in Intan Jaya were forcibly dispersed by Brimob officers under the instruction of Natalis Tabuni, the Regent of Intan Jaya. According to a witness account as reported by Suara Papua, Brimob officers reportedly beat demonstrators with rifle butts and fired five shots in the direction of the student demonstrators. None sustained injuries.

The following day, on 18 August, the same group of student demonstrators embarked on a long march. When they arrived outside the Regent’s residence, they began to negotiate with a security officer who instructed the students not to demonstrate. In an attempt to disperse the students, Natalis Tabuni reportedly came out of his house with a firearm and began firing shots into the air. Tabuni also reportedly joined Brimob officers that were present at his residence in beating the students. Suara Papua reported that several other local government officials also threw stones at the students. At least 14 students sustained injuries.

Student leader Melianus Duwitau, who also suffered beatings, told Majalah Selangkah that despite having met with authorities from the Ministry of People’s Welfare in Intan Jaya, action had not been taken regarding the disbursement of funds to students in need. He stated that 68 university students from Intan Jaya had not yet received student aid that had been promised to them.

News

Filep Karma rejects remission

West Papuan activist and political prisoner, Filep Karma, has rejected an offer of remission on his 15-year prison sentence. Remissions are typically given to prisoners on Indonesian Independence Day on 17 August. Karma has stated that he would only leave Abepura Prison, where he is currently being detained, if he was given unconditional release. Karma stated that “I did not commit any crime when I raised the Morning Star Flag in 2004. I will keep campaigning for independence once I am free.”

In 2004, Karma was arrested and charged with treason for raising the Morning Star Flag, a symbol of Papuan identity. However, Bagus Kurniawan, Head of Abepura Prison, has claimed that the prison did not received any official decree from Jakarta offering remission to Filep Karma.

Attempts to further restrict foreign media scrapped as two British journalists face possible five-year prison sentence

A new regulation attempting to widen restrictions on foreign journalists was promptly scrapped following opposition from President Joko Widodo regarding the move. On 26 August, Major General Soedarmo, the Director General of Political and General Administration at the Ministry of Home Affairs (Ditjen Polpum Kemendagri) announced new procedures for foreign journalists, movie crew members and NGO workers seeking to conduct work in Papua.

The first requirement included an application for a permit issued by the Coordinating Team for Visiting Foreigners at the Foreign Affairs Ministry. The Coordinating Team was to consist of a task force that includes amongst others, members from the State Intelligence Body (Badan Intelejen Negara, BIN) and the national police. Foreign journalists, movie crew members and NGO workers were also required to apply for a permit from the Directorate General for Political Affairs and General Administration at the Home Affairs Ministry. In addition to this, a permit from local administrative authorities under the National Unity and Political Affairs office was also required for access to remote areas. Lastly, foreign journalists, movie crew members and NGO workers were required to present IDs officially issued by Indonesian representatives abroad.

Home Minister Tjahjo Kumolo stated in the Jakarta Post that the new regulation was needed “to prevent foreign journalists from conducting intelligence activities.” Soedarmo also stated that such regulations were “a form of protection for the state.” National civil society groups criticized the regulations as a setback for media freedom in Indonesia. The Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) Indonesia stated that the regulation contravened Article 28 of the Indonesian Constitution and Law No. 40/1999 on the press which guarantees media freedom. The Jakarta Foreign Correspondents Club criticized the regulation as “a stain on Indonesia’s transition to democracy and claims by its government that it supports a free press and human rights.”

According to various media reports, Kumolo apologized to President Jokowi by telephone and rescinded the new regulation. While the Clearing House committee which vetted visa applications for foreign journalists has been disbanded, the current application process remains unclear.

Two British journalists, Rebecca Prosser and Neil Bonner are currently standing trial under charges of violating Indonesian immigration law and face a possible five-year prison sentence. The journalists were making a National Geographic-funded documentary about piracy in the Malacca Strait. On 29 September, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) called on Indonesian authorities “to stop abusing its draconian immigration legislation and to drop the proceedings against these two journalists.”

September 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison/

Place of detention

1 Arnes Silak 15 June 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending KNPB Sentani Airport arrest Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters
2 Yafet Keiya 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire

 

 

3 Ottis Munipa 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire

 

 

4 Wamoka Yudas Kossay 22 May 2015 Article 160 Indonesian Criminal Code, Article 14 of Law 1/1946 Trial beginning 15 October

 

MSG demo in Biak

 

Uncertain  Yes Biak
5 Apolos Sroyer 20 May 2015 Article 160 Indonesian Criminal Code, Article 14 of Law 1/1946 Trial beginning 15 October

 

MSG demo in Biak

 

Uncertain  Yes Biak
6 Dorteus Bonsapia 20 May 2015 Article 160 Indonesian Criminal Code, Article 14 of Law 1/1946 Trial beginning 15 October

 

MSG demo in Biak

 

Uncertain  Yes Biak
7 Narko Murib 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
8 Alexander Nekenem 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
9 Yoram Magai 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
10 Othen Gombo 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
11 Obed Korie 15 May 2015 Article 170 5 months Sorong demo against PT PPM Yes Uncertain Sorong
12 Odie Aitago 15 May 2015 Article 170 7 months Sorong demo against PT PPM Yes Uncertain Sorong
13 Ruben Furay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
14 Sepi Surbay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
15 Dr Don Flassy* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
16 Dr Lawrence Mehue* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
17 Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
18 Onesimus Banundi* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
19 Elias Ayakeding* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 160 On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
20 Kamori Murib 9 December 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 3 years Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
21 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
22 Marthen Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
23 Jhoni Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
24 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Uncertain Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
 25 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
26 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
27 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
28 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
29 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
30 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
31 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Serui Prison
32 Soleman Fonataba* 17 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
33 Edison Werimon* 13 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
34 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 Articles 106, 110 3 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
35 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
36 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
37

 

George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
38 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
39 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

Articles 06, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
40 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 Articles 340, 56,  Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
41 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
42 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
43 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
44 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
45 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena

* While these detainees have been bailed and are not currently behind bars, they continue to face charges and are currently undergoing investigation. As they are vulnerable to re-arrest, we will continue to monitor any developments in these cases.

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July 2015: Threats to human rights defenders in Papua on the rise

In brief

At the end of July 2015, there were at least 51 political prisoners in Papua.

Information received from the Central Papuan Highlands Coalition for Peace, Law and Human Rights (Koalisi untuk Kedamaian, Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua) reported an increasing climate of intimidation and harassment against human rights defenders and lawyers in Wamena. Coalition members providing accompaniment to Roby Erik Pekey, a victim of arbitrary police violence in Wamena, have been subject to harassment due to their role in addressing impunity. An increased number of reports of intimidation faced by human rights defenders underscores the need for the state to take urgent measures to ensure their protection.

Reports from the Coalition describing how Jayawijaya police were able to freely mistreat Roby Pekey while he sought medical treatment in Wamena Hospital is yet another example of open police brutality in public spaces. In our April 2015 update, we recorded two other cases of victims who were arbitrarily detained, tortured and cruelly treated in hospitals.

In Tolikara on 17 July, a 16-year-old teenager was shot dead and at least 11 others injured when security forces shot into a crowd that were protesting the use of loudspeakers during an Eid al-Fitr prayer session. The shootings provoked the burning of several kiosks, which spread quickly to amusholla (a prayer room) where the prayers were taking place. While police were quick to secure the arrests of two men who were allegedly involved in the arson, perpetrators of the shootings from the security forces have so far not yet been identified or brought to account. Investigations into the incident are currently ongoing.

At least 40 members of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) were arrested for participating in a prayer session giving thanks to the outcome of the June summit of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Since May this year, 264 people have been arrested for expressing their support or being involved with the ULMWP. The targeting of ULMWP members and its supporters for arbitrary arrest demonstrates Indonesia’s zero-tolerance policy towards peaceful aspirations of West Papuan independence.

Arrests

40 arrested in Fakfak for organising prayer session; three charged with public order offences 

On 3 July 2015, at least 40 people were arrested for organising a prayer session in Fakfak. A group of people had gathered at the regional secretariat office of the ULMWP to give a prayer of thanks for the ULMWP being granted Observer status by the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) during its June summit in Honiara, Solomon Islands.

Three men remain in detention and face charges of public order offences under Article 510 of the Indonesian Criminal Code that punishes the staging of a public event without police permission. According to lawyers from the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid, (LP3BH, Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum), Apnel Hegemur, Roy Marten Mury and Daniel Hegemur were initially charged with conspiracy to commit rebellion under Articles 108 and 110, but these charges were later changed.

The three men are believed to be in detention at Fakfak Regional Police Station while awaiting trial.

Two men arrested for participating in demonstration against palm oil plantation company PT Permata Putera Mandiri

Human rights organization Pusaka reported that on 15 May 2015, two men were detained for their involvement in a demonstration against palm oil plantation company PT Permata Putera Mandiri (PPM). Obed Korie and Odie Aitago were arrested alongside several other demonstrators who were eventually released. The demonstrators, consisting of students and community members from the Iwaro tribe in South Sorong Regency, blocked PPM offices in protest against land grabbing, illegal logging and unfair compensation, amongst other concerns, by PT PPM.

Korie and Aitago were charged with violence towards persons or property under Article 170 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. On 14 July, they attended their first court hearing. Their trial is expected to continue in August.

Releases

There were no reported releases in July 2015.

Political trials and cases overview

Narko Murib rearrested

Information received from LP3BH lawyers reported that on 3 July, Narko Murib, one of four men detained in May for participating in a demonstration, was rearrested more than two weeks after his escape from police Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) headquarters in Manokwari.

A detention warrant issued by Manokwari police states that Murib will be held at the Brimob headquarters in Manokwari until 6 August 2015. The case files for the three other detainees have been transferred to the Prosecution. LP3BH lawyers have also reported further instances of denied access to the four detainees. On 24 July, Simon Banundi, a lawyer with LP3BH, was told by Brimob officers that he could not meet with the four detainees due to instructions from Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Warterpauw denying the detainees any visitors.

Cases of concern

Teenager shot dead and 11 others injured in Tolikara clash

On 17 July, a clash broke out between security forces and dozens of members of a congregation of the Evangelical Church in Indonesia (Gereja Injili di Indonesia, GIDI) in Karubaga, Tolikara Regency. Endy Wanimbo, a 16-year-old teenager was shot dead while 11 others were injured.

At around 07:00 Papuan time, a group of GIDI members gathered outside the compound of a Military Command (Komando Rayon Militer, Koramil) post where Eid al-Fitr prayers were taking place in a prayer room (musholla). According to Papuan newspaper Jubi, they were protesting the use of loudspeakers during the prayer session, claiming that it was interrupting a GIDI Youth Conference that was taking place nearby. According to eyewitness accounts as reported in several media reports, some protestors started throwing stones at security forces and worshippers in the compound in retaliation to the use of loudspeakers during the prayer session.

At 07:05, Brimob officers, Tolikara Regional Police and military officers from Infantry Battalion 756 (Batalyon Infanteri 756, Yonif 756) started shooting at the crowd of people gathered outside the Koramil compound. A 16-year-old teenager named Endy Wanimbo was shot dead and at least 11 people suffered gunshot injuries. It is understood that this provoked the burning of several kiosks in the vicinity of the Military Compound and that the fire then spread to the musholla. Reports stated that along with the musholla, around 60 shops were destroyed in the fire and 211 people were left homeless.

According to Jubi, two victims of the shootings, Amaten Wenda and Yetimbula Yikwa, were physically manhandled into giving their thumbprints and forced to sign a letter, of which the contents are unknown, while receiving treatment at Jayapura General Hospital.

Early statements from Papuan civil society organisations criticised various statements made in the media which squarely placed blame for the clash on the Papuan community in Tolikara. A statement released by church leaders in Papua urged security forces to cease the use of weapons and violence in dealing with conflict. On 18 July, the National Commission on Human Rights (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) reported its early findings, stating that “the conflict was triggered by police shootings.”

On 23 July, two men were arrested in connection with the arson. Jubi reported that police identified the two men, currently known by their initials as ‘AK’ and ‘JW’, from video footage and eyewitness accounts. The two men will be charged with incitement and violence against persons or property under Articles 160 and 170 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

Suara Papua reported that Reverend Enden Wanimbo, the President of GIDI, criticised the arrests, highlighting that, by contrast, the perpetrators of the shootings have so far not been identified or brought to account. On 27 July, Reverend Wanimbo, along with Reverend Benny Giay, the leader of the Tabernacle Church in Papua (Kingmi Papua), met with the Papuan branch of the Nahdatul Ulama (NU), agreeing to come to a resolution.

Investigations by government institutions and Papuan civil society groups into the incident are currently ongoing.

Nursing student arbitrarily shot by Wamena police; human rights defenders and lawyers from Coalition threatened

A report received by the Central Papuan Highlands Coalition for Peace, Law and Human Rights (Koalisi untuk Kedamaian, Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua) stated that on 21 June, Roby Erik Pekey, a 21-year-old nursing school student was arbitrarily shot and detained by Jayawijaya Regional police in Wamena. Police chased and shot Pekey reportedly because he was suspected of stealing a motorcycle a couple days before the incident.

Information received from the Coalition stated that on 21 June, Pekey was chased on motorcycle by a group of 14 plainclothes police officers. During the chase, police proceeded to fire shots at him, causing him to fall off his motorcycle. He was then shot in the right ankle and left thigh and was left unable to walk. Plainclothes officers then reportedly picked him up and threw him into a compound of a nearby house. Police then threatened to shoot him in the head when he started to plead innocence. One of the officers shot him a third time in his left leg.

Shortly after, Pekey was sent to Wamena General Hospital under tight police supervision. On the way to the hospital, Pekey continued to plead innocence by explaining that he had bought his motorcycle from someone who had decided to pawn it. Police officers responded by kicking him in the mouth and eyes. Upon arrival to the hospital, Pekey was thrown onto the asphalt ground, resulting in blisters on his back.

According to the report by the Coalition, upon seeing Pekey’s dire condition, the families of other patients requested medical staff to attend to him first. In response, police officers stopped doctors from doing so and proceeded to taunt and humiliate Pekey by lifting and swinging his injured legs.

Later that evening, Pekey’s family were stopped from visiting him in hospital, reportedly under instructions from Semmy Ronny Thaba, the Head of Jayawijaya Regional Police. The next day, on 22 June, four police officers paid Pekey a visit in hospital, threatening him and his family with guns and forcing him to sign a letter accepting his arrest warrant.

According to the Coalition, police did not conform to the proper procedures in their arrest of Pekey and did not conduct thorough investigations before arresting him. In early July, Jayawijaya police were quoted in several Papuan newspapers, insisting that police officers had acted according to standard procedure during Pekey’s arrest. Thaba stated that police had first fired warning shots but were forced to shoot Pekey when he attempted to escape.

Human rights defenders from the Coalition reported that Pekey was not guilty of stealing the motorcycle, but had acquired it from someone else who had decided to pawn it. Police investigators stated that they would conduct further investigations into these allegations but that they would continue to detain and interrogate Pekey once his injuries have healed.

On 28 July, Hesegem and other human rights defenders from the Coalition accompanied Pekey during a pre-trial hearing in Wamena District Court challenging his arrest. Information received from the Coalition stated that the pre-trial hearing was attended by dozens of police officers, reportedly set up to intimidate them. According to witness accounts as described in a report by the Coalition, police investigators were overheard stating that they “had to kill” AlDP lawyer Anum Siregar, one of the human rights lawyers accompanying Pekey.

Information from the Coalition also detailed other incidents of intimidation and harassment towards their members from Wamena police in connection with this case. On 22 July, police officers blocked the office of human rights organisation Papua Lotus Heart Foundation (Yayaysan Teratai Hati Papua, YTHP), and reportedly threatened Father John Jonjonga, the organisation’s Director. According to the Coalition, Hesegem has also faced threats from Wamena police in connection with his work as a human rights defender in other cases.

News

Clearing House Committee disbanded

Indonesian magazine Tempo reported that on 14 July 2015, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that the Clearing House Committee has been disbanded. Siti Sofia Sudarma, the Director of Information and Media at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, told Tempo that opening Papua to foreign journalists would bring about “positive change to Indonesia”. In May, during a visit to Papua, President Joko Widodo had announced that foreign journalists would no longer be restricted from entering Papua. Prior to this, foreign journalists were required to undergo a stringent visa application process involving the unanimous approval of the Clearing House Committee, which consisted of 18 separate government agencies.

However, contradictory statements from Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Tedjo Edhy Purdijatno and Papua National Police Spokesman Sr. Comr. Agus Rianto issued shortly after the President’s announcement in May suggested that foreign journalists would still be subject to screening when applying for visas to report in Papua. A newly established ‘Foreign Affairs Monitoring Team’ is expected to play a similar role to the Clearing House Committee in vetting visa applications from journalists.

Papuan civil society groups commemorate 17th anniversary of the Biak massacre

On 2 July 1998, in the wake of the fall of the New Order regime, political prisoner Filep Karma led a demonstration in Biak where the Morning Star independence flag was raised on a water tower near the harbour. Over the following four days, demonstrators occupied the area and defended the flag from police who attempted to take it down. On 6 July, the Indonesian military took control of the harbour by brutal force. At least 32 people were killed by being dumped in the sea, three people were disappeared, 150 people were tortured, and 33 people were arbitrarily arrested during the massacre.

In commemoration of the 17th anniversary of the Biak massacre, on 6 July this year, a number of Papuan civil society groups gathered for a press conference. Amongst them were KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan), Solidarity for Victims of Human Rights Violations (Solidaritas untuk Korban Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia, SKP-HAM), United for Truth (Bersatu Untuk Kebenaran, BUK), Garda Papua and the Independent Student Forum (Forum Independen Mahasiswa, FIM).

July 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison/

Place of detention

1 Apnel Hegemur 3 July 2015 Articles 108, 110 Awaiting trial Fak Fak ULMWP arrests Uncertain Uncertain Fakfak
2 Roy Marten Mury 3 July 2015 Articles 108, 110 Awaiting trial Fak Fak ULMWP arrests Uncertain Uncertain Fakfak
3 Daniel Hegemur 3 July 2015 Articles 108, 110 Awaiting trial Fak Fak ULMWP arrests Uncertain Uncertain Fakfak
4 Arnes Silak 15 June 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending KNPB Sentani Airport arrest Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters
5 Yafet Keiya 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
6 Ottis Munipa 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
7 Wamoka Yudas Kossay 22 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
8 Apolos Sroyer 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
9 Dorteus Bonsapia 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
10 Narko Murib 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
11 Alexander Nekenem 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
12 Yoram Magai 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
13 Othen Gombo 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
14 Obed Korie 15 May 2015 Article 170 On trial Sorong demo against PT PPM Uncertain Uncertain Sorong
15 Odie Aitago 15 May 2015 Article 170 On trial Sorong demo against PT PPM Uncertain Uncertain Sorong
16 Ruben Furay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
17 Sepi Surbay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
18 Domingus Babika 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Manokwari 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari Regional Police Station
19 Dr Don Flassy* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
20 Dr Lawrence Mehue* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
21 Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
22 Onesimus Banundi* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
23 Elias Ayakeding* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 160 On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
24 Kelpis Wenda 17 March 2015 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
25 Kamori Murib 9 December 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
26 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
27 Marthen Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
28 Jhoni Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
29 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Uncertain Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
 30 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
31 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
32 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
33 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
34 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
35 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
36 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
37 Soleman Fonataba* 17 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
38 Edison Werimon* 13 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
39 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 Articles 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
40 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
41 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
42 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
43 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
44 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
45 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

Articles 06, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
46 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 Articles 340, 56,  Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
47 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
48 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
49 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
50 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
51 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena

*While these detainees have been bailed and are not currently behind bars, they continue to face charges and are currently undergoing investigation. As they are vulnerable to re-arrest, we will continue to monitor any developments in these cases.

June 2015: Lawyers denied access while detainees tortured

In brief

At the end of June 2015, there were at least 45 political prisoners in Papua.

Information received from defence lawyers in Manokwari reported that three detainees who were arrested last month for their involvement in a peaceful demonstration were severely beaten in detention by police Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers. At least one of the three, KNPB member Alexander Nekenem, was tortured by Brimob officers who stubbed cigarettes out on him. Under instructions from the Head of the Manokwari Regional Police, AKP Tommy H. Pontororing, lawyers were denied access to their three clients following the escape of Narko Murib, a fourth detainee in the same case. Due to barriers to access, lawyers only found out about the torture and ill-treatment endured by the detainees several days after.

A second case involving arbitrary violence perpetrated by Brimob officers was that of the fatal shooting of Yoteni Agapa, a 19-year-old Papuan in Ugapuga village in Dogiyai Regency. Brimob officers shot Agapa when he started arguing with them regarding a confrontation that had occurred earlier in the day. This tendency for Brimob officers to respond in such a trigger-happy manner is not uncommon. Since the start of 2015, at least two people have died and seven have been injured as a result of excessive use of force and misuse of firearms by police in Papua. So far, there have been no independent investigations into these incidents and thus the perpetrators continue to enjoy total impunity.

Ongoing investigations by the National Human Rights Commission (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) into the ‘Bloody Paniai’ incident of December 2014 seem to have stalled, reportedly due to a lack of funding. Additionally, separate investigations conducted by the Ministry of Politics, Law and Security alongside the Papuan National Police, criticized by human rights observers as lacking credibility, seem to be complicating matters still further.

14 students were arrested in Abepura and Waena for fundraising in support of the Komnas HAM investigations into Bloody Paniai. This case echoes the Yahukimo arrests in March 2015, where more than a hundred people were arrested in relation to a week-long fundraising event for Cyclone Pam victims in Vanuatu. The arrests show that public rallies of any kind in Papua continue to be suppressed, even those for humanitarian purposes.

Arrests

KNPB Yahukimo member arrested in Sentani

Majalah Selangkah reported that on 15 June, Arnes Silak, a KNPB Yahukimo member, was arrested at Sentani Airport in Jayapura. Silak was on his way back to Yahukimo after seeking medical treatment in Jayapura. KNPB Yahukimo’s leader Marten Suhuniap stated in Majalah Selangkah that KNPB members in Yahukimo had previously received threats and were constantly followed by intelligence officers. It remains unclear what charges, if any, Silak is facing. He is currently being detained at the Papua Provincial Police Headquarters (Kepolisian Daerah Papua, Polda Papua).

23 people detained for 24 hours for participating in a peaceful political discussion

On 3 June at around 16:00 Papua time, 23 people were arrested for participating in a meeting held at the Sinapuk Indigenous Council Office (Kantor Dewan Adat Sinapuk) in Wamena. Information received from the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) reported that the purpose of the meeting was to hold a discussion on opening democratic space in Papua and to conduct an evaluation of a demonstration that was planned for 28 May but was disallowed by the Jayawijaya Regional police.

During the arrests, police reportedly confiscated items from the Sinapuk Indigenous Council, including 56 arrows, four bows, two axes, seven knives and a book on the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP). The 23 detainees were brought to Jayawijaya Regional Police Station.

In reaction to these arrests, the following day on 4 June, hundreds of community members rallied outside the police station to demand the release of the 23 detainees. They were released at 16:00 Papua time.

ULMWP demo dispersed in Sorong; 1 KNPB member arrested

Papuan news site reported that on 16 June, Nando Kagoya was arrested in Sorong and questioned for several hours before being released without charge. Kogoya was arrested while on his way to participate in a KNPB-organised march in support of the ULMWP bid for membership of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Protestors who took part in the march were forcefully dispersed by Sorong Regional Police. Kogoya was arrested at a roadblock where police stopped and searched motorists in the area. He was detained when police found a KNPB leaflet in his bag.

14 students arrested for collecting donations for Bloody Paniai investigation

On 22 June, 14 students were arrested in Abepura and Waena for collecting donations in support of investigations by the National Human Rights Commission (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) into the ‘Bloody Paniai’ incident that took place last December. Papuan media reported that the slow progress made by Komnas HAM’s Ad Hoc Team in charge of conducting investigations into the incident was due to a lack of funding. The 14 students, who were members of the Independent Students Forum (Forum Independen Mahasiswa, FIM), were detained for several hours at Jayapura Regional Police Station before being released without charge. According to a report by KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan Papua) and Unite for Truth (Bersatu Untuk Kebenaran, BUK), the students collected donations as an act of protest against Komnas HAM who have been criticised as slow and ineffective in their investigations into Bloody Paniai.

Releases

Two Pisugi detainees released pending appeal; two escaped

Lawyers with the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) reported that Jhoni Marian and Marthen Marian have been released following the end of their one-year prison terms. Whereas Yali Walilo and Ibrahim Marian reportedly escaped from prison at some point during the last month. Yosep Siep, who suffered psychological and physical ailments, has returned to his home village in Pisugi district. His trial is expected to be resumed once he receives medical treatment and is considered fit to stand trial.

Even though Jhoni Marian and Marthen Marian have been released, a ruling by the Jayapura High Court (Pengadilan Tinggi Jayapura) increasing their initial prison sentences from one to three years’ imprisonment means that they are still at risk of re-imprisonment. However, due to an appeal submitted to the Indonesian Supreme court by AlDP lawyers challenging this ruling, they are not required to remain in detention while the decision is being considered. The Supreme Court decision will determine whether the two men will be required to serve the increased prison sentence.

Previously, the Wamena District Court sentenced the Jhoni Marian, Marthen Marian, Yali Walilo and Ibrahim Marian to one-year imprisonment each under charges of conspiracy to endanger security under Articles 187 and 164 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.  They were accused of making Molotov cocktail bombs in attempts to disrupt voting during the Presidential elections of July 2014.

Defence lawyers with the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) stated that the decision was taken despite witness testimony from police stating that the four men were not involved in the acts of arson of which they are suspected. Additionally, the four men were tortured while in detention in Jayawijaya Regional Police Station. During court hearings in March, they testified that they had been forced to confess to charges under torture.

As Jhoni Marian and Marthen Marian are still at risk of re-imprisonment and Yosep Siep remains at risk of standing trial, they will remain our list of political prisoners.

Political trials and cases overview

Three in Manokwari MSG demo case ill-treated in detention; one detainee escaped

Lawyers from LP3BH (Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid, Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum) reported that Alexander Nekenem, Yoram Magai and Othen Gombo (alias Maikel Aso) have been ill-treated in detention following the escape of a fourth detainee in the same case, Narko Murib (alias Novi Umawak), from police Brimob Headquarters in Manokwari on 15 June.

On 20 May, Nekenem, Magai, Gombo and Murib were arrested for their involvement in a demonstration in support of a bid by the ULMWP for MSG membership. They were charged with incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

On 1 June, Nekenem, Murib and Gombo were questioned regarding their involvement with the KNPB. When questioned, Murib stated that he had led a prayer session during the demonstration before it was forcibly dispersed. Following the dispersal of the demonstration, he returned to attend a class at the State University of Papua (Universitas Papua, UNIPA), where he is enrolled as a student. Murib later received word that his friends had been detained following the dispersal of the demonstration and that they were being denied food in detention. Upon hearing this, he decided to bring food to those detained at the Brimob Headquarters. However, when he arrived to the Brimob Headquarters, he was himself detained, as he had been seen being involved in the demonstration earlier in the day. On 9 June, the period of detention for the four men was extended to 19 July 2015.

On 15 June, LP3BH lawyers received information that Narko Murib had escaped from the Brimob Headquarters. The following day, lawyers met with the Head of the Criminal Investigation Unit (Kepala Satuan Reserse dan Kriminal, Kasat Reskrim) of Manokwari Regional Police, AKP Tommy H. Pontororing, and asked to meet with the three remaining detainees who had been transferred from the Brimob Headquarters to holding cells at Manokwari Regional Police Station. However, police informed lawyers that they were not allowed to visit the three detainees at that moment and told them to return the next morning.

Upon gaining access to Nekenem, Magai and Gombo the following morning, lawyers found that the three men had been severely beaten by four Brimob officers while in detention in the Brimob Headquarters. Nekenem was tortured by Brimob officers who stubbed cigarettes out on him. He also suffered a bruised jaw from heavy beatings. The three men are currently being held in an isolation cell in Manokwari Regional Police Station. They are reportedly not allowed access to proper sanitation or toilets and were only given plastic bags and bottles to use. The men are forced not to eat most of the food brought by their families due to the lack of access to proper toilets.

Cases of concern

Group of Papuan youth attacked by Brimob in Dogiyai Regency; one shot dead

According to information received from several human rights sources, on 25 June, a group of ten Papuan youths was reportedly attacked by Brimob officers in Ugapuga village in Dogiyai Regency. A report from a Nabire-based human rights investigator stated that the ten men were attacked by Brimob officers following a road accident which led to the injuring of a dog which belonged to one of the men. Angered by the accident, the group attempted to extract money from passing drivers. This was then reported by one of the drivers to the police, which led to Brimob officers arriving at the scene.

According to eyewitness accounts recorded by KontraS Papua, BUK and the Paniai Indigenous Council (Dewan Adat Paniai), Brimob officers arrived at around 22:00, in a Toyota Avanza car and confronted the group. When Yoteni Agapa, one of the men in the group, argued back, he was shot in the chest twice. He then attempted to run away, but was shot two more times in the right arm. A few seconds later he collapsed to the floor and died. One of the men in the group, Melianus Mote, was slashed in the arm with a bayonet blade when he started to run away. According to a report by Jubi, the eight other men in the group may also have suffered injuries when they ran away. Brimob officers reportedly continued to kick and beat Agapa with rifle butts even though he was already lifeless.

At around 00:00, Agapa’s body was taken back to his home village of Jigiugi in Ugapuga district. Community members in the area also found and kept the bullet casings from Agapa’s shooting. The following two days, on 26 and 27 June, the Ugapuga District police and Brimob officers visited Agapa’s family to ask their permission to conduct an autopsy on Agapa and to return the bullet casings found at the scene. Both requests were refused by the family.

News

House of Representatives rejects political prisoners pardon

The Jakarta Post reported that on 22 June, a proposal put forward by President Joko Widodo for a second, broader release of Papuan political prisoners was rejected during a hearing with Commission I of the Indonesian House of Representatives. There were concerns that releases “would go on to inflame separatism.” Commission I Deputy Chairman Tantowi Yahya told Indonesian press that “a comprehensive roadmap” would first need to be implemented before support would be given to the plan.

Following the Commission I meeting, Indonesian Military Chief General Moeldoko told Indonesian press that the military were considering “appointing guards to accompany foreign journalists” reporting in Papua.

Papua Itu Kita cultural event aims to destigmatise Papuans

On 13 June, activists from Papua Itu Kita (We are Papua), a campaigning movement based in Jakarta, held an event at the Ismail Marzuki Park (Taman Ismail Marzuki, TIM) aimed at spreading awareness of Papuan culture and issues through song, dance and storytelling. The day-long event was attended by hundreds of participants, including members of the public, Papuan activists and human rights groups based in Jakarta. Reverend Benny Giay, the leader of the Tabernacle Church in Papua (Kingmi Papua), who spoke at the event raised the issue of the history of violence in Papua and suggested a national day of mourning in Indonesia to remember victims of human rights violations in Papua.

June 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison/

Place of detention

1 Arnes Silak 15 June 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending KNPB Sentani Airport arrest Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters
2 Yafet Keiya 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
3 Ottis Munipa 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
4 Wamoka Yudas Kossay 22 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
5 Apolos Sroyer 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
6 Dorteus Bonsapia 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
7 Alexander Nekenem 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
8 Yoram Magai 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
9 Othen Gombo 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Yes Manokwari
10 Ruben Furay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
11 Sepi Surbay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
12 Domingus Babika 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Manokwari 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari Regional Police Station
13 Dr Don Flassy* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
14 Dr Lawrence Mehue* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
15 Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
16 Onesimus Banundi* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
17 Elias Ayakeding* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 160 On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
18 Kelpis Wenda 17 March 2015 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
19 Kamori Murib 9 December 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
20 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
21 Marthen Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
22 Jhoni Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Supreme Court appeal being considered Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Released pending appeal
23 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Uncertain Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
 24 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
25 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
26 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
27 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
28 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
29 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
30 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
31 Soleman Fonataba* 17 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
32 Edison Werimon* 13 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
33 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 Articles 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
34 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
35 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
36 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
37 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
38 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
39 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

Articles 06, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
40 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 Articles 340, 56,  Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
41 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
42 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
43 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
44 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
45 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena

* While these detainees have been bailed and are not currently behind bars, they continue to face charges and are currently undergoing investigation. As they are vulnerable to re-arrest, we will continue to monitor any developments in these cases.

May 2015: While Jokowi releases five, nearly 500 are arrested

In brief

At the end of May 2015, there were at least 47 political prisoners in Papua.

The recorded number of arbitrary arrests in Papua has reached a record high, with at least 487 people arrested during May. In our last update, we reported on the mass arrests of 264 people who participated in activities on 1 May commemorating the 52nd anniversary of the administrative transfer of Papua to Indonesia. On 20 to 28 May, security forces further clamped down on peaceful political protest by arresting 223 Papuans who participated in demonstrations supporting a bid by the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) to become an associate member of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Pre-emptive arrests deliberately targeted people who planned to take part in peaceful demonstrations, particularly those from the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB).

Just over a week following the mass arrests on 1 May, Indonesian President Joko Widodo granted clemencies to five Papuan political prisoners and announced that foreign journalists were no longer banned from entering Papua. These initiatives, which were quickly hailed by some Indonesian and international press as a ‘breakthrough’ and ‘historic’, are completely at odds with the repressive approach taken by security forces in Papua at the same time. The glaring discrepancy between the Jokowi’s rhetorical promises and the repressive actions against Papuans highlights his lack of control over security forces in Papua. Furthermore, contradictory statements issued by several Indonesian ministers and security leaders against Jokowi’s plans for opening Papua to foreign journalists suggest ‘business as usual’. The establishment of the ‘Foreign Monitoring Team’ which appears to assume the role of its predecessor, the Clearing House Committee, of vetting visa applications of foreign journalists suggests that the Indonesian government has little intention of allowing free and open access to Papua for foreign journalists, humanitarian organisations and human rights observers.

Out of the 487 people arrested in May, at least 11 men remain detention in Manokwari, Biak, Nabire and Kaimana. At least seven of them are facing vague and broad charges of incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. These latest charges and mass arrests raise new fears of a further clamp down on democratic rights as Papuans continue to voice their support for MSG membership. There are increased concerns that Indonesia will continue to put a muzzle on free speech during this period of political uncertainty surrounding membership with the MSG.

On 8 May, Areki Wanimbo was acquitted of charges of conspiracy to commit treason and released from Wamena prison. The last treason case to be acquitted was that of Papuan leader, Theys Eluay, some 14 years ago; he was later assassinated. While Wanimbo’s acquittal is a welcome step, serious questions still remain regarding the techniques used by the police in building up cases against indigenous Papuans. In Wanimbo’s case, as in many others, insufficient evidence is often used as the basis of prolonged detention and prosecution.

Arrests

223 people arrested for supporting ULMWP bid for MSG membership

Papuan civil groups report that from 20 to 28 May, at least 223 people were arrested in Jayapura, Manokwari, Biak, Wamena, Jayapura, Nabire, Yahukimo and Manado for participating in peaceful activities supporting a bid by the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) to become an associate member of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Peaceful demonstrations planned to take place across Papua on 21 May were the first to be targeted, with at least 128 people arrested. On 28 May, a further 87 people were arrested when a second round of demonstrations took place.

Out of the 223 arrests, nine people remain in detention. Four men – Alexander Nekenem, Yoram Magai, Othen Gombo (alias Maikel Aso) and Novi Umawak (alias Narko Murib) – are currently detained in Manokwari and are facing charges of incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. Three other detainees – Apolos Sroyer, Dorteus Bonsapia and Wamoka Yudas Kossay – in Biak also face charges of incitement. In Nabire, Yafet Keiya and Ottis Munipa remain in detention although it is currently unclear what charges they face.

20 to 21 May arrests

Manokwari

Manokwari-based human rights sources reported that on 20 May, 75 people were arrested for taking part in a demonstration in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG membership. According to a West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) report, demonstrators gathered at 08:00 Papua time but were hindered from carrying out the demonstration by a joint task force consisting of Manokwari police, military and Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers.

KNPB leader Alexander Nekenem, who led the demonstration, negotiated with police to allow the demonstrators to carry out a 20-minute prayer session before dispersing. During the prayer session, demonstrators received word that nine people who were on their way to the demonstration from Kwai, a nearby village, had been arrested. When demonstrators tried to ask the police for an explanation, security forces reacted by arresting Alexander Nekenem. He was beaten with batons and kicked on arrest. Security forces forcibly dispersed the crowd by shooting teargas in their direction. Two demonstrators, Agus Bagau and Marthen Agapa, suffered injuries as a result of being hit by teargas bullets. Local sources reported that in total 75 people were arrested, some of whom were beaten on arrest. This included the arrests of several demonstrators who attempted to disperse peacefully by boarding taxis leaving the site of the demonstration. They were stopped by police and Brimob officers who forced them out of the taxis and arrested them. One of the demonstrators, a student named Yunus Yikwa, was reportedly arrested because he was taking photos of the arrests.

According to local reports, security forces also fired tear gas outside the compound of Amban Primary School, which was in the vicinity of the site of the demonstration. As a result, three schoolchildren aged four to seven suffered pain in the eyes and difficulty breathing.

The 75 detainees were taken to the Manokwari Brimob Headquarters. Human rights sources reported that the detainees were subjected to ill-treatment in detention. Police investigators hit some of those detained on the back of their necks and forced those covered in body paint to remove it with paint thinner. Police reportedly threatened that they would remove the paint with grindstones or razorblades if the detainees refused to follow their instructions. The detainees were also reportedly subjected to racist taunts by police officers who said that “All Papuan men are drunks who beat women” and that Papuan women were better off marrying Javanese men “so that their children would be intelligent”.

Six of the 75 detainees were separated from the others and interrogated without legal representation. Tribal heads and families who attempted to visit the detainees to give them food were refused access. The following day, on 21 May, 71 of the detainees were released. One of those released, Hendrikus Marian, was threatened by officers as he waited outside the Brimob Headquarters after his release. Brimob officers had reportedly threatened to “pluck his eyes out” if he did not leave immediately. The six detainees who underwent further interrogation reportedly did not receive any food for two days. Shortly afterwards, two of the six detainees were released.

The four men who remain in detention are Alexander Nekenem, Yoram Magai and Othen Gombo (alias Maikel Aso), who are KNPB members, and Novi Umawak (alias Narko Murib), a student. According to lawyers from LP3BH (Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid, Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum) in Manokwari, at least two of the men were interrogated without legal representation. The four detainees have been charged with incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code which carries a maximum sentence of six years.

Biak

On 20 May, two men were arrested in relation to a demonstration in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG membership. According to lawyers from KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan Papua), KNPB members submitted a notice of demonstration to Biak police the previous day. Police reportedly called on the leaders of the demonstration to report to the Police Station. In response to this demand, on 20 May, at around 15:00 Papuan time, Apolos Sroyer and Dorteus Bonsapia visited Biak Regional Police Station. Sroyer, the Head of the Biak People’s Local Parliament (Parlemen Rakyat Daerah, PRD), and Bonsapia were two of three people who had signed the notice of demonstration. They were interrogated overnight and transferred to Biak City District Police Station the following day. Both men were charged with incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

The following day, on 21 May, 17 people were arrested outside of Darfuar market in Samofa district, Biak, for carrying out the planned demonstration. KNPB sources reported that Biak police forcibly dispersed the demonstration and confiscated three KNPB flags, a camera and a phone. While 12 people were released shortly after, five KNPB members were detained for further interrogation at Biak Regional Police Station. They were released after several hours of interrogation but are required to report to the police daily.

On 22 May, Wamoka Yudas Kossay, one of the five KNPB members, was charged with incitement when he reported to the police. He was interrogated without legal representation and was only asked if he wanted a lawyer after investigators completed the Police Investigation Report (Berita Acara Pemeriksaan, BAP) for his case. He was also charged with incitement under Article 160 and was transferred to Biak City District Police Station to be detained.

Reports from lawyers with KontraS Papua stated that on 23 May plainclothes officers from the Biak Regional Police searched Apolos Sroyer’s home without a search warrant. Police reportedly took photos of his home, his relatives and in particular a map of the states belonging to the MSG that was hung in the front terrace of his house.

Apolos Sroyer, Dorteus Bonsapia and Wamoka Yudas Kossay are currently still detained in Biak City District Police Station. All three men face charges of incitement under Article 160.

Jayapura

On 20 May, six KNPB members were arrested in Sentani for distributing flyers advertising a demonstration in support of the ULMWP that was planned to take place the following day. The six men were brought to Jayapura Regional Police Station for interrogation. Upon reaching the Station, the six men were forced to walk in a squatting position for 100 metres. They were detained for eight hours before being released without charge.

On 21 May, police raided the KNPB secretariat office in Sentani and arrested 27 members reportedly in a bid to stop the planned demonstration from taking place. They were detained in East Sentani District Police Station. 25 of the 27 detainees were released shortly after. According to a report by the KNPB, the two remaining detainees, Oni Tepmul and Pukinus Wonda, were beaten while being interrogated. They were released several hours later.

Manado

On 21 May, Hiskia Meage, the Head of the Central Indonesia branch of the KNPB was arrested by three intelligence officers in Tomohon in North Sulawesi province.

Intelligence officers followed Meage as he was on his way back to Tomohon from Manado where he took part in a public discussion in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG membership. Meage was ill-treated on arrest and detained in Tomohon City Regional Police Station. According to local KNPB reports, police stated that the reason for Meage’s arrest was that he was wearing a t-shirt with a Morning Star flag design. He was released several hours later.

28 May arrests

Jayapura

On 28 May, 52 people were arrested in various locations in Jayapura in relation to their participation in events supporting the ULMWP bid for MSG membership. Most of those arrested were KNPB members.

At around 09:15 Papuan time, 31 KNPB members were arrested on the campus of Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) during a demonstration supporting the ULMWP. According to reports by the KNPB, several people suffered injuries due to excessive force used by Jayapura police. As a result of being beaten with rifle butts, one KNPB demonstrator suffered a deep gash on the head. Another demonstrator sustained a broken tooth as a result of beatings. 8 other KNPB demonstrators on their way to join the demonstration at the UNCEN campus were arrested in Expo Waena.

At 11:10, another group of demonstrators who had peacefully gathered outside the office of the Papuan Provincial Parliament (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Papua, DPRP) in Taman Imbi were forcibly dispersed by police. Eight KNPB members were arrested. Abetnego Tenoye, a 19-year-old demonstrator, was repeatedly stamped on by police officers. In response to these arrests, other KNPB members gathered outside the DPRP offices shortly afterwards to demand the release of those who had been arrested. Police responded by arresting five more KNPB members and seized items such as KNPB flags, banners, handphones and cameras belonging to the demonstrators.

It is believed that all 52 men arrested were detained in Jayapura Regional Police Station and released after several hours.

Nabire

Eight people were arrested during a press conference organised by the KNPB in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG membership in Nabire. Two of the eight men were members of Nabire People’s Local Parliament (Parlemen Rakyat Daerah, PRD), while the rest were KNPB members. The newspaper Majalah Selangkah reported that two of those arrested, Yafet Keiya and Ottis Munipa, currently remain in detention in Nabire Regional Police Station. It is unclear what charges they are facing.

Wamena

Information received from the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) reported the arrests of 33 people in Wamena during a peaceful demonstration in support of the ULMWP bid or MSG membership. They were detained at Jayawijaya Regional Police Station for six hours before being released without charge.

Yahukimo

Two people were arrested by police when a peaceful gathering was broken up by police in Yahukimo. KNPB reports stated that police were heavy-handed in the way they dispersed the demonstration. The two detainees were beaten on arrest and interrogated in Yahukimo Regional Police Station. It is believed that they are no longer in detention.

Releases

Five political prisoners in Wamena ammunition raid case released

On 9 May 2015, Apotnalogolik LokobalNumbungga TelenggenKimanus WendaLinus Hiluka and Jefrai Murib were granted presidential clemencies. President Joko Widodo told the newspaper Kompas that the pardons were “granted as part of a reconciliatory framework to create a peaceful Papua”. A press release by the five men issued the following day stated that they had urged for the release of other political prisoners, including those from Maluku. They had also urged the President to guarantee their safety following their release, and for a stop to the arbitrary arrests of Papuans. President Jokowi reportedly responded that he would speak to security forces regarding this issue.

Before returning to their home villages in Wamena on 23 May, the five men underwent medical examinations. They had experienced torture and ill-treatment on arrest and in detention, and as a result have suffered long-term damage to their health. In December 2011, Jefrai Murib suffered from a stroke which has caused paralysis on the right side of his body. Murib requires long-term treatment and physiotherapy in order for his condition to remain stable.

The five men were originally arrested in April 2003, along with two other men – Kanius Murib and Michael Heselo – who have since passed away. On 31 August 2007, Heselo died while in Bhayangkara Hospital in Makassar. From 2008, Murib suffered from nerve damage and mental illness. He was placed under the care of his family a few months before his death in December 2012.

Areki Wanimbo released

On 8 May 2015, Areki Wanimbo was acquitted of conspiracy to commit treason and released from Wamena Prison. According to Papuan newspaper Jubi, Chief Judge Benyamin Nuboba stated that there was insufficient proof of Wanimbo’s involvement in buying firearms and ammunition, as the Prosecution accused. Wanimbo had been arrested on 6 August 2014 along with two French journalists and four Papuan men. The journalists, who met with Wanimbo while trying to report on the ongoing conflict in Lani Jaya, were sentenced to two-and-a-half-months imprisonment for breaching Article 122 of Law 6/2011 on Immigration.

Latifah Anum Siregar, a lawyer with the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) who represented Wanimbo, told Jubi that this was the first time in 14 years that a treason suspect has been acquitted. She noted that the only case before that was that of Papuan leader Theys Eluay. The Public Prosecutor in Wanimbo’s case has, however, stated his intention to appeal the verdict to Indonesia’s Supreme Court.

Political trials and cases overview

Detainees for Lanny Jaya torture case charged with possession of firearms

Lawyers from AIDP have reported that Kamori Murib and Kelpis Wenda both face charges of possession of firearms under the Emergency Law 12/1951. During a court hearing on 27 April 2015, Murib was visibly unwell and was still experiencing pains as a result of the torture he suffered on arrest on 9 December 2014. As a result, the court hearing was postponed. However, during the following court hearing on 7 May, Murib was still feeling unwell due to the lack of adequate medical care provided to him. Defense lawyers from AlDP and the Papua Legal Aid Institute (Lembaga Bantuan Hukum, LBH Papua) have pressed for Murib to obtain a proper medical consultation to get a diagnosis of his illness.

Former political prisoner Stefanus Banal receives leg operation after repeated postponement

Information received by the Office for Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation of Franciscans of Papua (Sekretariat Keadilan Perdamaian dan Keutuhan Ciptaan Fransiskan Papua, SKPKC Jayapura) reported that on 20 April former political prisoner Stefanus Banal received an operation to remove metal rods which had been inserted to realign a broken shin bone. He was arrested in May 2013 and suffered serious injuries to his leg as a result of being shot by police in Oksibil in Pegunungan Bintang Regency. Shortly after his arrest, Banal was sent to Bhayangkara Police Hospital where he received insufficient medical healthcare. Local human rights investigators reported that the operation to remove the inserted metal rods had been postponed by hospital doctors over a period of six months.

Alapia Yalak rearrested

Information received from local human rights investigators reported that on 21 May 2015 Alapia Yalak, the Head of the Yali tribe in Yahukimo, was rearrested after fleeing Wamena Prison in February. Due to difficulty obtaining information on this case, Papuans Behind Bars last reported on this case in June 2014.

On 4 June 2014, Yalak was arrested for an act of arson. Human rights workers reported that he had not committed such an act but was arrested due to his refusal to accept bribes by government officials in exchange for convincing his tribe to support Special Autonomy (Otonomi Khusus, Otsus).On arrest, Yalak suffered cruel and degrading treatment, being forced to crawl naked into a holding cell and severely beaten.

Yalak was tried without a lawyer and sentenced to three years’ imprisonment in Wamena Prison. It is unclear what charges he was sentenced under. Yalak escaped prison in February 2015, and returned to his home district of Dekai in Yahukimo the following month. On 5 May 2015, a joint security task force raided his house in Dekai and arrested him. He is believed to currently be detained in Dekai Regional Police Station and is reportedly suffering from malaria. It is unlikely that he is receiving sufficient medical treatment. Local sources reported that he will be transferred to Wamena to be tried. He is currently not receiving any legal accompaniment.

News

Jokowi announces lifting of ban on foreign media to Papua

On 10 May, a day following the granting of clemencies to five political prisoners, President Jokowi announced the end of restrictions to foreign journalists seeking to enter Papua. Despite this announcement, shortly after, the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Tedjo Edhy Purdijatno and Papua National Police Spokesman Sr. Comr. Agus Rianto issued statements contradicting this indicating that foreign journalists would continue to be screened before being issued visas for Papua. The Clearing House Committee, which consisted of 18 separate government agencies tasked with vetting visa applications from foreign journalists, has been renamed the ‘Foreign Affairs Monitoring Team.’ It is uncertain if the vetting process will remain the same, or if there will be a change in regulations.

Human rights lawyer Latifah Anum Siregar awarded Gwangju Human Rights Prize

Latifah Anum Siregar, a human rights lawyer in Papua, has been awarded the 2015 Gwangju Human Rights Prize. Siregar, who is also the chairperson of AlDP, represented Areki Wanimbo and the five men in the Wamena ammunitions raid case, all of whom were released this month, and continues to provide legal representation for several other political prisoners still currently behind bars. On 16 September, Siregar was attacked in Wamena on the way back to her hotel after a pre-trial hearing for Areki Wanimbo’s case. It is believed that she may have been targeted for her involvement in the trial. Wanimbo has since been acquitted of all charges (see Releases).

Elsham Papua calls on Jokowi to address past human rights abuses in Papua

Jubi reported that on 7 May the human rights NGO Elsham Papua issued a press release calling for President Jokowi to prioritise the resolution of human rights abuses in Papua. Elsham Papua Director Ferdinan Marisan highlighted previous cases such as Bloody Biak in 1998, Bloody Wamena in 2003 and more recently Bloody Paniai in December 2014, amongst others. The press release included recommendations to the President to issue an official apology to Papuans for decades of human rights violations, an end to the stigmatisation of Papuans as separatists, and to bring perpetrators of violence and human rights violations, particularly in the security forces, to account.

ICP meeting in European Parliament discuss human rights in Papua

On 5 May, the International Coalition of Papua (ICP) held a public discussion at the European Parliament highlighting the situation of human rights in Papua. Ana Gomes, a Member of the European Parliament, Reverend Dora Balubun and Reverend Albert Yoku of the Protestant Church in Papua (Gereja Kristen Injili Tanah Papua, GKI-TP) were amongst the speakers at the event. Following the public discussion, the ICP issued a statement calling on Indonesia to end the use of excessive force by security forces in Papua, to review the security policy in Papua by involving broad participation of civil society, and to release all political prisoners without any condition, amongst others. The statement also urged the European Union to highlight increasing violations in Papua in its Human Rights Dialogue with Indonesia and to send a human rights fact-finding mission to Papua in the near future.

May 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison/

Place of detention

1 Yafet Keiya 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
2 Ottis Munipa 28 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending MSG demo in Nabire Uncertain Uncertain Nabire
3 Wamoka Yudas Kossay 22 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
4 Apolos Sroyer 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
5 Dorteus Bonsapia 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Biak Uncertain Uncertain Biak
6 Alexander Nekenem 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari
7 Yoram Magai 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari
8 Othen Gombo 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari
9 Novi Umawak 20 May 2015 Article 160 Awaiting trial MSG demo in Manokwari Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari
10 Ruben Furay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
11 Sepi Surbay 1 May 2015 Uncertain Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
12 Domingus Babika 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Manokwari 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari Regional Police Station
13 Dr Don Flassy* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
14 Dr Lawrence Mehue* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
15 Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
16 Onesimus Banundi* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
17 Elias Ayakeding* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 160 On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
18 Kelpis Wenda 17 March 2015 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
19 Kamori Murib 9 December 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Lanny Jaya torture Yes Yes Wamena
20 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
21 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
22 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
23 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
24 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
25 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Uncertain Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
 26 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
27 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
28 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
29 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
30 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
31 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
32 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
33 Soleman Fonataba* 17 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
34 Edison Werimon* 13 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
35 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 Articles 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
36 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
37 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
38 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
39 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
40 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
41 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

Articles 06, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
42 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 Articles 340, 56,  Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
43 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
44 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
45 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
46 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
47 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena

* While these detainees have been bailed and are not currently behind bars, they continue to face charges and are currently undergoing investigation. As they are vulnerable to re-arrest, we will continue to monitor any developments in these cases.

 Demo
KNPB demonstrators gather outside the Papuan Provincial Parliament (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Papua, DPRP) offices in Taman Imbi, Jayapura, in support of the ULMWP bid for MSG membership. The demonstrators also called on the Government to open democratic space and allow foreign journalists into Papua.

April 2015: Bhayangkara hospital used as place of torture by police

In brief

At the end of April 2015, there were at least 44 political prisoners in Papua.

Papuan human rights groups reported two new cases of torture in Pirime and Lanny Jaya in the Central Highlands. In Lanny Jaya, two men were tortured in relation to the possession of a pistol belonging to a deceased relative which they had attempted to hand over to authorities in response to a weapons amnesty. In Pirime, two teenagers were arrested and tortured following a military raid on a village church. Cabang Tabuni, one of the two victims, died after more than six months in police detention suffering from serious gunshot injuries without receiving medical treatment.

One of the Lanny Jaya victims, Kamori Murib, and the two teenagers in the Pirime case were taken to Bhayangkara hospital in Jayapura to receive treatment after being tortured by security forces. All three victims received insufficient medical care. Murib continued to be tortured and cruelly treated in hospital, including being doused in scalding water, forced nudity and forced feeding on fish bones. Oktovianus Tabuni, a 15-year-old boy, was smuggled out of the hospital by local human rights workers so that he could receive treatment elsewhere. Upon receiving surgery in Vanimo, Papua New Guinea, a pair of surgical clamps was found in his abdomen, demonstrating an abominable level of negligence at Bhayangkara hospital. This is the third case recorded by Papuans Behind Bars where detainees continued to be tortured or received dire medical treatment at Bhayangkara hospital.

The use of Bhayangkara hospital as a place of torture under the total control of the police negates the idea of hospitals as traditionally ‘safe’ spaces for healing. The freedom enjoyed by police to torture detainees at Bhayangkara hospital perfectly illustrates the entrenched culture of impunity in Papua. Furthermore, this dynamic of public torture perpetuates a culture of fear and domination and breeds distrust among indigenous Papuans towards state institutions.

Violence perpetrated by military and police forces has reportedly resulted in the displacement of up to 20,000 people in Lanny Jaya and Yahukimo. In Pirime district in Lanny Jaya alone, Papuan human rights groups reported the displacement of 12,000 people, more than half of the district’s population. Forcibly uprooted communities were reported to have fled to forests to seek temporary shelter from the violence and as a result are facing starvation and illness. Such conflict areas are often remote and heavily controlled by security forces, making it difficult for independent reporting on human rights violations. Furthermore, the complex system imposed by the Indonesian government in allowing access for humanitarian agencies such as the UN High Commission for Refugees and the International Committee of the Red Cross to Papua restricts the availability of aid to displaced communities. Additionally, the lack of free and open access for international humanitarian agencies makes it impossible to get timely and accurate information on the scale of the problem of internally displaced persons in Papua. According to information received from Papuan civil society groups, displacement is causing a growing humanitarian crisis in these remote conflict areas.

Arrests

264 arrested for commemorating 1 May

Papuan civil society groups reported the arrest of 264 people in Manokwari, Jayapura, Merauke and Kaimana in relation to the commemoration of the 52nd anniversary of the administrative transfer of Papua to Indonesia. There were reports of ill-treatment and intimidation of demonstrators. Two KNPB members in Kaimana and one university student in Manokwari remain in detention.

Manokwari

On 30 April, 12 members of the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) were arrested for distributing leaflets about a peaceful commemorative action planned for the next day. Manokwari police fired four warning shots on arrest. It is believed that all four have been released without charge.

On 1 May, a demonstration led by the KNPB and joined by other Manokwari-based groups was forcibly dispersed by Manokwari and Brimob police. At around 08:00 local time, Brimob officers arrested 79 demonstrators, forcibly dragging them onto police trucks and severely beating them on arrest. At 09:30, a second group of demonstrators gathered in front of the State University of Papua (Universitas Negeri Papua, UNIPA) campus to conduct a march to the  Papuan Customary Council (Dewan Adat Papua, DAP) office. Halfway through the march, the demonstrators were stopped by Brimob officers. They were beaten with wooden planks and kicked on arrest. The majority of the 126 people arrested were university students.

Those detained were made to sit in the hot sun in an open field for several hours. Four people were singled out and brought to Manokwari Regional police station as they reportedly carried sharp weapons, while the rest were released. Three of the four detained were released without charge. Domingus Babika, a UNIPA student, is still believed to be in detention in Manokwari Regional police station.

Jayapura

On 1 May, demonstrators gathered in front of the Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) campus in Waena were forcibly dispersed by Jayapura City police (Polresta Kota Jayapura). 30 people were detained and brought to a police post in Buton village in Jayapura. Three KNPB members, Bazooka Logo, Ogram Wanimbo and Yoner Uwaga were separated from the group and brought to the Papuan Police Headquarters. All 30 detainees have since been released.

Merauke

According to reports by the KNPB, on 1 May, 15 people were arrested in Merauke in relation to 1 May commemorative activities. At 01:00, Merauke Regional police raided KNPB Merauke offices and arrested 13 KNPB members and two community leaders, including Mrs Panggresia Yeem, the Head of the Merauke People’s Local Parliament (Parlemen Rakyat Daerah, PRD). They have since been released without charge.

Kaimana

On 1 May, KNPB and PRD demonstrators who had gathered at the KNPB Kaimana secretariat office to commemorate 1 May were forcibly dispersed by Kaimana Regional police. Police raided the secretariat office and fired warning shots. Police allegedly attempted to burn down the secretariat office, but the fire was put out by KNPB members. Police arrested two KNPB leaders, Ruben Furay and Sepi Surbay, who are still believed to be in detention.

Five detained for three weeks under treason charges

Human rights lawyers with KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan Papua) reported the detention of five men for three weeks under treason charges following their meeting with the Indonesian Minister of Defense, General Ryamizard Ryacudu.

On 10 April, a meeting was held at the Ministry of Defense in Jakarta between General Ryacudu and a four-person delegation from the Independent Papua Committee (Komisi Independen Papua, KIP). The KIP states that it acts as a facilitator for the pro-independence movement Federal Republic State of West Papua (Negara Federal Republik Papua Barat, NFRPB). The meeting between the minister and Dr Don Flassy, Dr Lawrence Mehue, Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu and Onesimus Banundi was facilitated by Heni Tan Fere, a staff member with the Department of National Unity and Politics (Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik, Kesbangpol) in Papua. The travel costs for the four men to attend the meeting were reportedly paid for by the Defense Ministry. The meeting was reported to have been brief but friendly, with the KIP members handing over several letters explaining the mandate and purpose of the KIP and NFRPB.

On 14 April, the four KIP members returned to Jayapura. A press conference about the meeting with Ryacudu was arranged by Fere to take place the same day. However, before the press conference could commence, the four KIP members and Fere were arrested by police and taken to Jayapura Regional police station. They were told by police that they had been arrested because of information received alleging that they were connected to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Later the same day, they were transferred to the Papuan Police Headquarters where they were interrogated for four hours. Another man, Elias Ayakeding, was also arrested the same day, due to his involvement with KIP.

While Flassy, Mehue and Fere were allowed to return home and instructed to report to the police headquarters the next morning, Suebu, Banundi and Ayakeding remained in detention.

The next day, on 15 April, Flassy and Mehue were charged with treason under Article 106 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. Suebu and Banundi were charged with treason and rebellion under Articles 106 and 108. Ayakeding was charged with treason and incitement under Articles 106 and 160. While Heni Tan Fere was not charged, police stated that she was still under investigation.

On 5 May, KontraS Papua lawyers reported that the five men had been released on bail but remain under city arrest and are obliged to report to the police once a week. They remain at risk of re-arrest and prosecution.

Two men arrested and tortured over possession of pistol in Lanny Jaya

Information received from the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) detailed the detention and torture of two Papuans, Kamori Murib and Kelpis Wenda from Lanny Jaya regency. They were arrested and tortured in relation to the possession of a pistol. Even though Murib was arrested in December 2014 and Wenda in February 2015, human rights workers have only recently managed to obtain information on this case.

The two men intended to hand over a pistol belonging to a deceased relative to Papuan Legislative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua, DPRD) authorities in Puncak Jaya regency. Around the period of the incident, Lukas Enembe, the Governor of Papua province, had urged those in possession of any firearms weapons to hand them over to governmental authorities. The pistol was found by Wenda in a cupboard at a honai (a traditional Papuan house) belonging to their late relative. Arrangmenets were then made for Murib to hand the pistol over to DPRD authorities.

On 9 December 2014, Murib travelled on his motorcycle from Lanny Jaya heading towards Wamena to hand over the pistol belonging to his deceased relative to DPRD authorities. On his way to Wamena, he came across a police roadblock outside Pirime District police station. Fearing that he would appear suspicious as he was carrying a pistol, Murib got off his motorcycle, raised his hands and told police officers that he was carrying a pistol and would like to hand it over to authorities. Upon hearing his admission, police immediately started beating Murib and dragged him into the police station.

Five Brimob officers proceeded to torture him for several hours. After shaving his hair off with a bayonet blade, Brimob officers slashed his head and rubbed the bleeding wound with chilli paste. Following this, scalding water was splashed onto the wound five times. His thighs were slashed four times with bayonet blades. The tip of his left toe, and parts of both his ears were sliced off. He was doused with scalding water resulting in serious burn injuries. He was also beaten in the back and ribs with rifle guns.

Under tight security, Murib was then sent to Wamena General Hospital to undergo medical treatment. While receiving treatment in Wamena, his hands were cuffed, and remained so for more than two months. After receiving treatment, he was taken to Jayawijaya Regional police station to be detained in a holding cell.

The following day, on 10 December 2014, under tight police supervision, he was flown to Jayapura to receive treatment at Bhayangkara Hospital. Murib remained in Bhayangkara Hospital for two months. While there, he underwent further torture and beatings. He was force-fed fish bones and chicken bones and was doused in scalding water three times. Throughout his time in Bhayangkara Hospital, he was kept naked.

On 16 February 2015, Murib was taken to the Papuan Police Headquarters in Jayapura. He was then allowed to wear clothes and his handcuffs were released. After being detained for 40 further days, he was taken back to Wamena. On 27 April Murib’s trial began, but he was too ill to attend the hearing. Doctors in Wamena who examined Murib observed that he was suffering from trauma.

Kelpis Wenda, a friend of Murib’s, was arrested on two separate occasions following Murib’s arrest. As police had not informed Murib’s family of his arrest, Wenda attempted to find out more about his disappearance by querying police officers at Lanny Jaya police station. Police denied any knowledge of Murib’s whereabouts.

Following his attempts to locate Murib, Wenda was first arrested in February 2015. On arrest, he was forced into a vehicle by being dragged along the ground and beaten with rifle butts on his upper abdomen. In detention, he suffered further torture. Two seven centimetre nails were hammered into his left forearms with wooden planks until they reached the bone. He lost two teeth and suffered facial wounds as a result of being beaten on the face with rifle butts. His left big toe was broken and he was beaten on the back with a chair. He was also beaten with wooden planks.

The following day, Wenda was taken to Papuan Police Headquarters in Jayapura for further interrogation. He was taken back to Wamena and released shortly afterwards. However on 17 March 2015, he was arrested again when Murib, while in detention and under torture, admitted that Wenda too knew about the pistol.

Both men are currently awaiting trial while being detained at Wamena prison. It is unclear what charges they are facing.

Arrests and torture of Pirime church members during military and police raid

Reports received from the Office for Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation of Franciscans of Papua (Sekretariat Keadilan Perdamaian dan Keutuhan Ciptaan Fransiskan Papua, SKPKC Jayapura) described a military and police raid in Pirime district in January last year. Three people were reported to have died and three others tortured. Security forces from the army and police reportedly conducted raids in seven villages in Kurilik, Pirime district in retaliation for the alleged theft of eight firearms from Kurilik police post on 24 January 2014.

Two days after the alleged theft, on 26 January 2014, dozens of army and police officers raided a church during Sunday service. According to an eyewitness, security forces forced church attendees to lie on the ground and threatened to kill them. Security forces then reportedly fired shots, resulting in the death of two members of the congregation – Yukilek Tabuni and Tigabut Tabuni. According to the report received, two other people also faced arbitrary violence during the raid. Reverend Pamit Wonda and Les Murib, a village head, were each stabbed several times with bayonet blades. A Papuan woman, Yulina Wonda, was beaten and suffered bruises all over her body.

Oktovianus Tabuni, a 15-year-old boy, and Cabang Tabuni, who was 19 years old, were arrested and detained in a police cell in Puncak Jaya. Security forces tortured the two teenagers to force them to confess to involvement in the theft of firearms that took place on 24 January 2014. Oktovianus was shot eight times in the knee and stomach while Cabang was shot 12 times in the arms, chest and knees. The two teenagers were then taken to Bhayangkara Hospital, in Kota Raja, Jayapura to receive medical treatment for their gunshot injuries.

According to reports from local sources, Cabang was not operated on and intentionally left to die. On 29 July 2014, Cabang died after more than six months of suffering from serious gunshot injuries without receiving sufficient medical treatment. Police allegedly attempted to conduct his funeral without the knowledge of his family and had sought the help of the Head of the Papuan Peoples’ Assembly (Majelis Rakyat Papua, MRP) Timotius Morip to do so. However, Morip refused and informed the deceased’s family, after which, the body was handed over to the care of the family.

Reports described that Oktovianus was operated on in Bhayangkara Hospital, but that he continued to suffer pains in his stomach and knees. After receiving news of the death of Cabang Tabuni, local human rights workers were concerned that if left under the care of the police, Oktovianus too would be left to die of his injuries through insufficient medical care. They bribed 12 police officers and medical staff members in order to be allowed to take Oktovianus out of the hospital in order to seek treatment elsewhere. On 3 August, Oktovianus was secretly taken out of hospital and hidden in a safehouse in Jayapura.

On 5 August, human rights workers took him to Vanimo in Papua New Guinea to obtain surgery for the constant pains in his stomach and knees. When doctors carried out an x-ray on Oktovianus, they found a pair of surgical clamps in his stomach where he had previously been operated on in Bhayangkara Hospital. The following day, Oktovianus received an operation to remove the surgical clamps from his stomach. Human rights workers reported that a small packet, allegedly containing poison, was found attached to the pair of surgical clamps. X-rays of his knees reportedly also indicated signs of chemical poisoning in the nerves. However, doctors were not able to operate on his knees, reportedly due to pressure from the local Vanimo government. The local government had instructed hospital staff not to operate on Oktovianus until his identity was clearly established. Human rights workers stated that West Papuans living in Papua New Guinea are often discriminated against and denied essential services such as medical treatment.

Human rights workers reported that Oktovianus still has not received an operation for his knee injuries. He is also in need of a transfusion following severe blood loss due to injuries suffered.

According to the report by SKPKC Jayapura, 12,000 people remain displaced due to military raids in Pirime districts. There are concerns that they are facing starvation, illness and traumatic stress due to the raids and their subsequent displacement.

Majalah Selangkah journalist arrested for wearing slogan t-shirt

On 30 April, Yohanes Kuayo, a journalist with Papuan news site Majalah Selangkah was arrested in Nabire for wearing a t-shirt with the slogan “Free West Papua”. He was arrested at around 12:00 outside Nabire General Hospital, where he was reporting on three TPN-OPM members who were admitted after being shot by Nabire police. Police confiscated Kuayo’s handphone, laptop and other belongings and brought him to the office of the Nabire Regional Special Police Team (Tim Khusus Polres Nabire). At 12:30, his colleagues arrived at the office and secured his release. When asked for the reason for his arrest, the Commander of the Special Police Team explained that it was because Kuayo wore a shirt with the slogan “Free West Papua” on it. According to international journalism ethics and standards, journalists are required not to wear items of clothing bearing political slogans or affiliations.

Global Day of Action protests in Jayapura and Manokwari curbed; 4 arrested

On 29 April, 22 demonstrations were held across 10 countries calling for free and open access to Papua for international journalists, human rights observers and humanitarian agencies. While protests in other cities were allowed to take place, protests in Jayapura and Manokwari were curbed.

Jayapura

According to a report from the Papuan Student Youth Movement (Gerakan Mahasiswa Pemuda Rakyat Papua, GempaR) who organised the demonstration in Jayapura, police forbade demonstrators from conducting a long march. Student demonstrators originally intended to march from their campuses in Waena and Abepura to the offices of the Papuan Legislative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua, DPRD) where they would hold speeches. Due to this restriction, demonstrators were forced to hold a static demonstration which was heavily guarded by fully-armed police officers. Even though GempaR demonstrators submitted a notice of demonstration to police a week before the protest, they were told that they had no permission to demonstrate and would be forcibly dispersed if they attempted to carry on with their march to the DPRD office.

Manokwari

Information from LP3BH (Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid in Manokwari, Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum) described the detention of four students on 29 April who participated in a demonstration in Manokwari. They were released several hours later.

As an act of solidarity with the Global Day of Action, on 29 April, LP3BH put up a banner of support outside their offices in Manokwari. The same day, Semuel Yensenem, an LP3BH staff member, was reportedly followed by intelligence officers when he left the office. The following day, an army officer from the Manokwari Military District Command (Komando Distrik Militer, Kodim) visited the LP3BH office. He questioned Yensenem regarding LP3BH’s activities and funding and left shortly afterwards.

Three arrested for cleaning memorial park

On 28 April, three men were arbitrarily arrested by Mobile Brigades (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers while they were cleaning a flower park in Nabire. Majalah Selangkah reported that Martinus Pigai, Anton Pigome and Marthen Iyai were cleaning the park in preparation for a prayer service to be held in the park in commemoration of 100 days of the passing of church leader Father Nato Gobay, as well as a socialisation event on alcohol addiction and HIV/AIDS organised to take place in early May. The three men were released without charge the following day.

Human rights activist Yones Douw told Majalah Selangkah that police had arrested the three men under suspicion of their involvement in 1 May-related commemorative activities. Douw also noted that the flower park, known as the “Papuan Peoples’ Flower Park”, was previously a well-known spot for political activity.

Releases

Lendeng Omu released

According to local human rights sources, on 22 March 2015, human rights activist Lendeng Omu was released from Wamena prison. On 21 May 2014, Omu was arrested Yahukimo Regional police in relation to his affiliations with the KNPB. He was severely beaten, kicked and struck with rifle butts before being arrested and detained in Yahukimo Regional police station. He had been sentenced to one years’ imprisonment for maltreatment under charges of Article 351 of the Indonesian Criminal Code.

Sarmi treason detainees released

Information received from local sources reported that Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori), Niko Sasomar and Sileman Teno were released in April following the end of their prison sentences. The three men were sentenced alongside one other person, Daniel Norotouw, for conspiracy to commit treason and possession of weapons. On 1 February 2014, Norotouw, was released after the completion of his one year prison sentence. Local sources reported that security forces had charged them under fabricated evidence.

Political trials and cases overview

Sami Melanesian Flag detainees sentenced to 1.5 years’ city arrest sentence

On 22 April, Edison Werimon and Soleman Fonetaba were each sentenced to one-and-a-half-years’ city arrest minus time already spent in detention after being found guilty of conspiracy to commit treason. City arrest forbids them from leaving Sarmi regency. As they have already been under city arrest since 23 July 2014, their sentences would end on 23 January 2016. The two men have since submitted an appeal on their sentences to the Sarmi High Court.

Report on Yahukimo fundraising case reveals more than a hundred arrests, dozens tortured

Information received from the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) reported that from 19 to 21 March, more than a hundred people were arrested and dozens tortured in relation to a week-long fundraising event for Cyclone Pam victims in Vanuatu. In our March update, we reported on the arrests of at least 21 people and the shooting of at least six people by Papuan National Police (Polda Papua) and Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers. Updated information confirms that more were arrested and tortured than previously thought, and that the situation in Yahukimo remains unstable.

According to the report, witnesses described the mass arrests of more than a hundred people from 19 to 21 March. The report contains information on six people who were shot and 26 people who were tortured in detention, amongst others. Seven of those who were arrested and suffered torture or ill-treatment were women. Testimony from one of the detainees described how they were repeatedly tortured for two days by rotating groups of police officers. A police officer reportedly mocked the detainees by holding up a bible, asking for “God to help them” and then proceeding to tear the bible up.

The report also described how from 19 to 21 March, Yahukimo police and army officers provided shelter and food to non-Papuans during search operations in the homes of indigenous Papuan families. Local sources estimated that around 8,000 indigenous Papuans have fled the violence in Yahukimo and remain displaced.

Cases of Concern

Police attempt to disperse ULMWP seminar in Kaimana

On 14 April, police attempted to disperse a United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) socialisation seminar in Kaimana Regency. The seminar, attended by political, religious and indigenous leaders, was interrupted by Kaimana Regional police officers. Police attempted to confiscate ULMWP material, including megaphones, seminar material and printed billboards. After two hours of negotiation with the police, the seminar was allowed to continue.

News

Global Day of Action in 22 cities urges free and open access to Papua

On 29 April, hundreds of demonstrators from 22 cities in 10 different countries protested against West Papua’s 50-year long isolation. Demonstrators called on the Indonesian government to open access to Papua for international journalists, human rights observers and humanitarian agencies. Rallies took place in Jayapura, Manokwari, Wamena, Jakarta, London, Honiara, Melbourne, New York, Berlin and Paris, amongst others. In conjunction with the worldwide event, coined the ‘Global Day of Action for Papua’, a joint letter signed by 52 organisations and parliamentarians was sent to President Joko Widodo demanding free and open access to Papua and to end violence against journalists in West Papua.

 April 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Ruben Furay 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
2 Sepi Surbay 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Kaimana 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Kaimana
3 Domingus Babika 1 May 2015 Unclear Police investigation pending Manokwari 1 May 2015 Uncertain Uncertain Manokwari Regional police station
4 Dr Don Flassy* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
5 Dr Lawrence Mehue* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 55(1),53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
6 Mas Jhon Ebied Suebu* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
7 Onesimus Banundi* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 108(2), 55(1), 53(1) On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
8 Elias Ayakeding* 14 April 2015 Articles 106, 160 On bail KIP treason arrests Uncertain Uncertain Bailed, city arrest, cannot leave Jayapura
9 Kelpis Wenda 17 March 2015 Uncertain Awaiting trial Lanny Jaya torture Uncertain Yes Wamena
10 Kamori Murib 9 December 2014 Uncertain Awaiting trial Lanny Jaya torture Uncertain Yes Wamena
11 Areki Wanimbo 6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 On trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Yes Wamena
12 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
13 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
14 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
15 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
16 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
17 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Uncertain Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
 18 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
19 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
20 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
21 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
22 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
23 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
24 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
25 Soleman Fonataba* 17 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
26 Edison Werimon* 13 December 2013 Articles 106, 110)1, 53, 55 1.5 years city arrest, appeal pending Sarmi 2013 Melanesian flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
27 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 Articles 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
28 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
29 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
30 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
31 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
32 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 Articles 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
33 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

Articles 06, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
34 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 Articles 340, 56,  Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
35 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
36 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
37 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
38 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
 39 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
40 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 Mei 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
41 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
42 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
43 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
44 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

* While these detainees have been bailed and are not currently behind bars, they continue to face charges and are currently undergoing investigation. As they are vulnerable to re-arrest, we will continue to monitor any developments in these cases.

March 2015: Plans for increased Brimob presence as new cases of violence emerge

In brief

At the end of March 2015, there were at least 38 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

On 6 March, 17-year-old high school student and West Papua National Committee (Komisi Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) activist Deni Bahabol was kidnapped, tortured and murdered, and his body dumped in a river in Yahukimo regency. Early reports indicate the involvement of Special Forces Command (Komando Pasukan Khusus, Kopassus) officers in the murder. Bahabol’s murder echoes the Martinus Yohame case in August 2014. Yohame, who was also a KNPB activist and active in leading peaceful demonstrations, suffered a similar fate.

On 19 to 21 March, under the orders of Papua Police Chief Inspector General Yotje Mende, Papuan National Police and Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers were deployed from Jayapura to Yahukimo to forcibly disperse, shoot and arrest Papuans taking part in a peaceful campaign to collect donations for victims of Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu. At least 21 people were arrested and six people were shot. A 48-year-old village head, Obang Sengenil, died from gunshot injuries.

In another incident in Jayapura, four Papuan youths aged 14 to 23 were publically attacked by Brimob officers. One of them, Lesman Jigibalom, is believed to be in a critical condition as a result of torture.

The arbitrary nature of police action this month – from shooting people collecting donations in Yahukimo to torturing and beating four young men seemingly without reason in Jayapura – highlights the lawless and reckless manner of policing in Papua. This dynamic of imposing public torture, violence and arrest breeds a culture of fear and distrust amongst indigenous Papuans.

Despite demands for accountability from Papuan civil society groups into these cases of state violence, police have yet to launch investigations. The lack of political will to seek transparency and accountability in cases of state violence ensures that perpetrators continue to enjoy total impunity. Instead of addressing long-standing violations committed by the Indonesian military in Papua, the authorities have opted to ramp up militarisation by establishing new plans to build a Brimob command base in Wamena. Jakarta-based solidarity group PapuaItuKita issued a ten-point statement rejecting the new plan, stating that the increased presence of Brimob forces would only serve to further destabilise the area.

On 2 March, hundreds of armed security personnel forcibly dispersed a peaceful socialisation seminar and detained at least three people in Jayapura. The seminar, on the theme of “Reclaiming Papuan Identity in Melanesia”, was organised by the newly formed United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), which consists of different factions of the West Papuan pro-independence movement. In a statement to the Papuan press this month, Police Chief Yotje Mende called for the KNPB to be banned as it supports Papuan independence. This zero tolerance approach by security forces towards demonstrations and gatherings associated with Papuan independence, despite their peaceful nature, is a violation of the rights of freedom of expression, association and assembly as guaranteed in the Indonesian Constitution.

Arrests

Fundraisers for Cyclone Pam victims shot and arrested in Yahukimo; three arrested in Timika

Yahukimo

Information received from various human rights and media sources reported that on 19 to 21 March at least 21 people were arrested and six people shot by Papuan National Police (Polda Papua) and Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers in Yahukimo regency for being involved in collecting donations for the victims of Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu. At least one person, Obang Sengenil, a 48-year-old village head, died from gunshot injuries. While reports indicate that most of those arrested have been released, it is unclear how many people remain in detention in Yahukimo regional police station.

The previous week, from 11 to 19 March, the Yahukimo group of the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) had coordinated a donation drive involving community members and KNPB activists.

On 19 March, according to Majalah Selangkah, a prayer session was planned to take place at 15:00, as part of a closing ceremony of the week’s events. At 09:25, security forces composed of Papuan National Police and Brimob officers shot into the crowd that had gathered in preparation for the prayer session. Tabloid Jubi reported that Isai Dapla, a 37-year-old KNPB member, suffered gunshot injuries to the chest, while Salomon Pahabol, a 47-year-old primary school teacher, was shot in his left leg. Elias Kabak, a 40-year-old KNPB member, was arrested. Security forces reportedly confiscated items belonging to the KNPB organisers, including banners, megaphones, and a camera, as well as donations which had been collected.

In retaliation, a member of the crowd stole a firearm belonging to a Yahukimo police officer. According the Head of the Yahukimo People’s Local Parliament (Parlemen Rakyat Daerah, PRD), Aminus Balingga, as reported in Jubi, on 21 March the firearm was returned to the police by KNPB Yahukimo members. There were also reports of Indonesians from the non-Papuan community being attacked and suffering injuries during the commotion.

Media reports stated that at around 15:10 that afternoon, security forces shot a further four people and arrested 16 others. One of the four shot, Obang Sengenil, died of his injuries. Titus Giban, a 39-year-old primary school teacher, Simon Giban, a 42-year-old village head, and Inter Segenil, a 16-year-old high school student, suffered serious gunshot injuries. Local sources reported that 16 people were arrested, some of whom were KNPB members. There were unconfirmed reports that the 16 detainees may have been tortured on arrest and while in detention in Yahukimo Regional Police Station.

On 21 March, Yahukimo Regional Police and Brimob officers arrested four men – Yason Balingga, Yeniut Bahabol, Nefen Balingga, and an unnamed man. Local sources reported that police also conducted search operations in the surrounding area, and damaged and looted several homes. Reports stated that thousands of indigenous Papuans fled the violence and are hiding in the forests.

On 30 March, the Yahukimo Independent Student and Youth Forum (Forum Independen Mahasiswa dan Pemuda Kabupaten Yahukimo, FIMPY) held a demonstration involving students and the Yahukimo community, calling for the Papuan Provincial Parliament (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Papua, DPRP) to launch an investigation into the incident.

Timika

On 13 March, three people raising funds for Cyclone Pam victims were arrested in Timika. Else Rumrawer, Yuli Adokor and Yuliana Inggobou were detained in Mimika Regional Police Station. It is unclear whether they are currently still in detention.

Brimob officers tortured and severely beat four Papuan youths

Suara Papua reported that on 18 March four Papuan youths were attacked in Jayapura by 11 armed Brimob officers dressed in plain clothes. Media reports indicate that they were attacked seemingly without reason.

17-year-old Timotius Tabuni was stopped in front of Cigombong market in Kotaraja and forced to handover his motorcycle keys to Brimob officers. He was beaten with rifle butts and slashed with bayonet blades. As a result of the beatings, he suffered a deep gash on his head, slash wounds on his back, bruises on his face and knees, and also lost a front tooth. Two friends of Tabuni, 23-year-old Lesman Jigibalom and 17-year-old Eldy Kogoya were stopped in front of Kotaraja Mosque and threatened at gunpoint to walk in a squatting position. When they refused to do so, they were forced to lay down. Eldy Kogoya was dragged by the legs some distance away along an asphalt road. He suffered cracked ribs and bruises on his back and knees. Lesman Jigibalom was slashed with a bayonet blade and suffered a pierced lung and bruises all over his body. He underwent an operation the following day and is thought to be in a critical condition. 14-year-old Mies Tabo, who witnessed the incident and attempted to call for help, was kicked and beaten by the Brimob officers.

Papuan civil society members from KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan Papua) and Speak for Truth (Bicara Untuk Kebenaran, BUK) rejected statements from Brimob Deputy Head of Unit, Assistant Police Commissioner Tono Budiarto, that Brimob officers had instead saved the four youths from a mob attack. Human rights defender Peneas Lokbere of BUK stated that testimonies from the victims, their families and eyewitnesses show clearly that the perpetrators were Brimob officers. KontraS Papua lawyer Olga Hamadi stated that the perpetrators should be brought to justice. Jayapura police have yet to launch an investigation into the incident.

Three men detained for participating in ULMWP seminar

On 2 March, Benu Rumbiak, Simeon Alua and Yes Wenda were arrested during a police raid of a seminar in Jayapura. Hundreds of armed security personnel disrupted and forcibly dispersed a peaceful socialisation seminar held by the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP). Police also confiscated seminar material. Academics, church leaders, Papuan Provincial Parliament (DPRP) and Papuan People Assembly (Majelis Rakyat Papua, MRP) representatives had been invited to speak at the seminar on the theme of “Reclaiming Papuan Identity in Melanesia”. It is unclear whether the three men are currently still in detention. Ones Suhuniap, the General-Secretary of the KNPB, criticised the police actions as a violation of the rights to free expression and assembly as enshrined in the Indonesian Constitution.

Releases

There were no releases reported in March 2015.

Political trials and cases overview

Pisugi detainees sentenced to one-year imprisonment

On 1 April, the five detainees in the Pisugi Election Boycott case were each given a one-year prison sentence. Prosecutors had previously called for a five-year prison sentence each for Yosep Siep, Ibrahim Marian, Marsel (alias Marthen) Marian, Yance (alias Yali) Walilo and Yosasam Serabut (alias Jhoni Marian). The five men were charged with conspiracy to endanger security under Articles 187 and 164 of the Indonesian Criminal Code under accusations of making Molotov cocktails in attempts to boycott the Presidential Elections in July 2014.

During the court hearings in Wamena in March, Ibrahim Marian, Marthen Marian, Yance Walilo and Yosasam Serabut testified that they had been forced to confess to the charges under torture. Yosep Siep, who was not considered well enough to stand trial due to the lack of psychological treatment available in Wamena, has returned to his home village in Pisugi district.

Court hearings revealed that on 11 July 2014, the night of their arrest, they had gathered at the home of Yosep Siep to take part in a prayer session and had then spent the night there. The detainees testified that at around 04:00 security forces arrived at their village and arrested them. On arrest, their hands were tied behind their backs, they were chained together by the neck, and dragged along the ground.

Yosasam Serabut aka Jhoni Marian testified that during his interrogation he was repeatedly beaten and electrocuted by police officers. He stated that he confessed to the charges as he was afraid that police would shoot and kill him. When questioned on his ability to read and write, Jhoni Marian stated that he was illiterate. He went on to say that police investigators had not read out the Police Investigation Report (Berita Acara Pemeriksaan, BAP) to him after his interrogation and that he was forced to give his thumbprints to verify the results of his interrogation. Furthermore, appeals by the defence lawyers to provide a translator for Jhoni Marian, who struggles to speak and understand Indonesian, went unheeded by the court.

Marthen Marian testified that a Police Brigadier named Endy tortured him in detention. He was forced to remove his clothing and his arm was slashed with a machete. He stated that he was also stabbed and beaten with arrows until they were broken. He added that other officers took turns in entering the interrogation room and beating him with weapons and knuckleduster gloves.

Ibrahim Marian testified that Police Brigadier Alex Sianturi interrogated him in detention. Ibrahim stated that he was beaten with knuckleduster gloves which resulted in broken teeth. He said that police investigators also crushed his fingers by placing them under chair legs after which officers would take turns to sit on the chair. He was also beaten on the head with hammers. He was told that he would be killed if he did not admit to the charges against him.

Yance Walilo testified that Police Brigadier Yeskel F.M. had interrogated him in detention. He stated that he was beaten with wooden beams and rifle butts in a locked detention room. His legs were also stamped on by police officers.

During court hearings in March, Police Brigadiers Endy, Alex Sianturi and Yeskel F.M. denied that they tortured or ill-treated the five detainees.

The four detainees also stated that they rejected the Police Investigation Reports filed against them and denied making Molotov bombs and boycotting the Presidential Election last July. Defence lawyers argued that the confessions extracted under torture could not be used as evidence against the detainees and that such practice contradicted the right of the detainee to testify without pressure in any form, as stated in Article 117 of the Indonesian Criminal Procedure Code. They also argued that the evidence presented in court differed from the evidence described in the Letter of Indictment (Surat Dakwaan), and concluded that evidence used against the detainees had been fabricated.

Cases of Concern

KNPB Yahukimo activist murdered and dumped in river

A report from a local human rights source revealed that on 6 March, 17-year-old high school student and KNPB activist Deni Bahabol was murdered and his body dumped in a river in Yahukimo regency. Information received showed that two days earlier, on 4 March, Bahabol had led a peaceful KNPB march in support of a campaign tour of South Africa by Benny Wenda, leader of the Free West Papua Campaign.

It is believed that Bahabol was attacked by Kopassus forces while he was on his way to the KNPB Secretariat in Yahukimo. He is reported to have been tortured and beaten with stones. His body was dumped in the Brazza river and was found by fishermen in Patipi village in neighbouring Asmat regency four days later. He was buried by his family in Yahukimo on the same day. As at the end of March 2015, police have not conducted any investigations into the incident.

KNPB Merauke Secretariat searched following bomb scare; Papuan police chief calls for KNPB ban

On 5 March, the KNPB Merauke Secretariat was searched by military and Merauke Regional Police officers following a bomb scare which the KNPB believes had been orchestrated by the police.

At around 18:00, a KNPB member found a suspicious looking box at the gates of the Secretariat which was then reported to the police. Security forces who arrived at the scene entered the Secretariat, damaging equipment and confiscating flags, banners and documents. The KNPB asserts that the Police had orchestrated the bomb scare as an excuse to raid the Secretariat offices.

On 24 March, Papua Police Chief Inspector General Yotje Mende stated that the KNPB should be banned as it is a pro-independence organisation. KNPB spokesman Bazoko Logo told Jubi that Mende’s statement was in reaction to police failure to take responsibility for the shootings and arrests in Yahukimo earlier in the month (see Arrests).

News

University students commemorate Bloody Abepura; Head of Jayapura Regional Police warns against pro-independence demonstrations

On 16 March, Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) students held a peaceful commemorative gathering at their campus in Kota Jayapura remembrance of the victims of Bloody Abepura. Nine years ago, on 16 March 2006, violence erupted between demonstrators and security forces during a demonstration calling for the closure of the Freeport McMoran mine in Timika. The violence resulted in the deaths of five security officers. Dozens of demonstrators were hospitalised and 24 people were tortured in detention.

During the commemorative event, the Head of Jayapura Regional Police, Kiki Kurnia, told student demonstrators that any demonstrations related Papuan independence would not be tolerated. He stated that pro-independence demonstrations would be forcibly dispersed and that participants would be arrested and detained.

Elsham study: Women and children severely impacted by military violence and impunity

On 15 March, a public discussion on military impunity and violence and its impact on women and children was held by Papuan civil society groups in Jayapura. Research by Elsham Papua (Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Hak Asasi Manusia, Institute of Human Rights Studies and Advocacy) reported that women and children were severely impacted by military violence in Papua. Violence against women was not only recorded in instances of domestic violence, but also in cases of rape, ill-treatment, arbitrary detention and murder inflicted by military forces. Elsham data collected from 2012 to 2014 revealed 389 cases of military violence resulting in 234 deaths, 854 people injured, and 880 arrests.

PapuaItuKita calls for rejection of new Brimob base in Wamena

On 31 March, Jakarta-based West Papua solidarity group PapuaItuKita demonstrated outside the Presidential Palace in the capital city against the building of a new Brimob (Brigade Mobil, Mobile Brigade) command base in Wamena. PapuaItuKita stated that increased militarisation only serves to increase violence, terrorisation and impunity in Papua. It added that the indigenous community in Papua is against the plans and that the Government can no longer adopt a militaristic stance to solve issues in Papua. Alius Asso, a youth leader from Wamena, told Majalah Selangkah that instead of increased militarisation, the Government should focus on the economy, health, education, and dealing with HIV/AIDS in Papua.

March 2015 Papuan Political Prisoners

No Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Areki Wanimbo 6 Agustus 2014 Pasal 106 and 110 On trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Yes Wamena
2 Yosep Siep 9 Juli 2014 Pasal 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
3 Ibrahim Marian 9 Juli 2014 Pasal 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
4 Marsel Marian 9 Juli 2014 Pasal 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
5 Yance Walilo 9 Juli 2014 Pasal187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
6 Yosasam Serabut 9 Juli 2014 Pasal 187, 164 1 year Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Yes Wamena
7 Alapia Yalak 4 Juni 2014 Tidak diketahui Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
8   Lendeng Omu 21 Mei 2014 Tidak diketahui Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station
 9 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 Februari 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
10 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
11 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 Februari 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
12 Kornelius Woniana 1 Februari 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
13 Peneas Reri 1 Februari 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
14 Salmon Windesi 1 Februari 2014 Pasal106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
15 Obeth Kayoi 1 Februari 2014 Pasal 106, 108, 110 and UU Darurat 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
16 Soleman Fonataba 17 Desember 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 On trial Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
17 Edison Werimon 13 Desember 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 On trial Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
18 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 Oktober 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
19 Oktovianus Warnares 1 Mei 2013 106, 110, UU Darurat 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
20 Yoseph Arwakon 1 Mei 2013 106, 110, UU Darurat 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
21 Markus Sawias 1 Mei 2013 106, 110, UU Darurat 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
22 George Syors Simyapen 1 Mei 2013 106, 110, UU Darurat 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
23 Jantje Wamaer 1 Mei 2013 106, 110, UU Darurat 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
24 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
25 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 Maret 2013 110; Pasal 2, UU Darurat 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
26 Niko Sasomar 3 Maret 2013 110; Pasal  2, UU Darurat 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
27 Sileman Teno 3 Maret 2013 110; Pasal  2, UU Darurat  12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
28 Jefri Wandikbo 7 Juni 2012 340, 56,  UU 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
29 Darius Kogoya 1 Mei 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
30 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
31 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
32 Filep Karma 1 Desember 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
33 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
34 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 Mei 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
35 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
36 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
37 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
38 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

 

February 2015: Forced confessions violate fair trial rights for Papuans

In brief

At the end of February 2015, there were at least 38 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

The trials for Areki Wanimbo and the case of the Pisugi Election Boycott detainees are underway after months of postponed court hearings. In both cases, local human rights observers report a lack of sufficient evidence against the detainees. The legal process in both cases has also been fraught with irregularities. In the case of Areki Wanimbo, a Lanny Jaya tribal leader, police charged him with treason instead of acquitting him once they failed to find evidence to charge him for possession of ammunition. In the Pisugi case, court hearings were postponed six times as prosecutors were unable to present any witnesses. The five men standing trial were arrested for allegedly boycotting the Presidential elections in July last year. They were tortured on arrest and in detention, forced to confess and forced to sign fabricated police investigation reports (Berita Acara Pemeriksaan, BAP). The use of coerced confessions and falsified evidence in criminal proceedings is a direct violation of the right to fair trial. In the Sasawa case of February 2014, seven detainees were sentenced to 3.5 years’ imprisonment each after a trial that used falsified police reports as key evidence in their conviction. In many political cases in Papua, trials lack material evidence and depend heavily on police reports that are often signed by detainees under duress and in the absence of a lawyer.

In February, the team for the National Human Rights Commission (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) leading investigations into Bloody Paniai returned to Enarotali to conduct interviews with victims and eyewitnesses. Even though early reports from Komnas HAM indicate that human rights violations were committed, it remains to be seen whether those responsible for the fatal shootings of four high school students will be held accountable. Without the establishment of a mechanism such as an Investigative Commission into Human Rights Violations (Komisi Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM, KPP-HAM), Komnas HAM would lack the necessary mandate to seek prosecution at Indonesia’s Ad Hoc Human Rights Court. Furthermore, the suspicious circumstances surrounding the burning down of a high school attended by two of the Bloody Paniai victims suggests that the local community in Enarotali continue to face threats and intimidation. Eyewitnesses and victims of Bloody Paniai are reluctant to come forward to provide testimony due to insufficient victim and witness protection.

Information received from local church groups reported that those detained in mass arrests in Utikini village in Timika last month have since been released. Maxson Waker, one of the 65 detained on 6 January, is reported to have been arrested for being drunk and suffered torture at the hands of police.

Arrests

KNPB Sorong activist detained

On 15 February, Yeheskial Kossay was arrested in Nabire for possessing documents related to Papuan independence. The member if the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) was detained for nine hours before being released without charge. Police also confiscated his mobile phone and recorded his contacts.

Releases

Detainees of Utikini mass arrest released; another report of torture observed

On 6 January, 65 men were arrested in Utikini village during a military and police sweeping following the fatal shooting of two Mobile Brigades (Brigade Mobil, Brimbo) officers and one Freeport security guard. On 23 January, 64 of the 65 men were released without charge. Information received from the Baptist Voice of Human Rights in West Papua (Suara Baptis Papua) reported that the remaining detainee, 35-year-old Maxson Waker, has since been released.  Human rights sources reported that Waker was arrested simply for being drunk, and was tortured by Timika police. On arrest, police reportedly tied his hands and dragged him across the ground. His head was then slashed and his wounds were sprayed with salt water. During the mass arrests on 6 January, Seribu Kogoya, a 30-year-old Papuan, suffered similar torture when he attempted to speak out against the police beating of a tribal chief. Baptist Voice sources stated that Maxson Waker was not involved in the 1 January shootings of the security officers.

It is believed that the 13 men said to have been arrested in separate arrests on 1 January have since been released.

Political trials and cases overview

Areki Wanimbo trial begins

On 6 August 2014, Areki Wanimbo was arrested alongside two French journalists who had visited him in his home in Wamena. He initially faced charges of possession of ammunition under Emergency Law 12/1951 but this was later changed to charges of conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106 and 110. His trial began in late January.

Wamena-based human rights investigators reported that witness testimony presented during court hearings in February revealed inconsistencies regarding the case. One of the witnesses, Nursalam Saka, a Jayawijaya police intelligence officer, testified that a document by the Papuan Customary Council (Dewan Adat Papua, DAP) signed by Wanimbo was a crucial piece of information that led to his arrest. The document asks for donations for upcoming meetings with the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Human rights investigators argued that Areki was arrested on suspicion of hiding weapons, but that police have not yet found any evidence to prove this. Instead, police used the DAP document, although insufficient as evidence, as an excuse to prolong his detention.

Defence lawyers for Wanimbo stated that he has requested that the two journalists testify on his behalf.  Court hearings will resume in early March.

Prosecution demands three-year prison sentences for Sarmi Melanesian flag detainees 

Human rights lawyers for Edison Werimon and Soleman Fonataba reported that the trial for the two men, which had been postponed since July 2014, has now resumed. On 3 March 2014, the Public Prosecutor demanded a three-year prison sentence for the two men, minus time already spent in detention. Werimon and Fonataba face charges of conspiracy to commit treason and are currently under city arrest.

Their trial had been delayed due to the Prosecution’s failure to submit a sentencing demand. On 18 February 2015, defence lawyers submitted a second appeal to the Office of the Chief Prosecutor, stating that the repeated postponement of the trial kept the two defendants in a state of legal limbo, and urged the trial to move forward. Lawyers have said that the Prosecution’s demand for a three-year sentence for each of the men is excessive and made little sense given that no evidence had so far been presented to the court. Furthermore, lawyers asserted that the testimony of the four witnesses presented did not match the charges levelled at the two men of conspiracy to commit treason.

According to defence lawyers, the Prosecution team may have submitted an excessive demand for a prison sentence in retaliation to their appeal to the Chief Prosecutor. The Office of the Chief Prosecutor has started an examination into the matter, following on from the second letter of appeal submitted by defence lawyers.

Detainees forced to confess in Pisugi case

On 19 February 2015, after months of suspended court hearings, the trial for Ibrahim Marian, Marsel Marian, Yance Walilo and Yosasam Serabut in the Pisugi election boycott case resumed. The trial for Yosep Siep, the fifth detainee in the case, has since been suspended. He was hospitalised in December 2014 due to pains endured as a result of torture on arrest, and is required to make a full recovery before his trial can be resumed. Ibrahim Marian told Suara Papua that they stand accused of making Molotov cocktails intended for use to disrupt the Presidential Elections in July last year. Marian denied the accusations and stated that they had voted during the elections.

The five men experienced torture and cruel and degrading treatment on arrest and in detention. Ibrahim Marian told Suara Papua that they were threatened with guns while in detention at the police station and forced to confess to making Molotov cocktails. Police also forged an investigation report while interrogating the detainees without the presence of a lawyer.

On 11 July, the five men were arrested alongside 12 others who have since been released, allegedly for participating in a boycott against the Indonesian Presidential elections. They face charges under Articles 187 and 164 of the Indonesian Criminal Code for conspiracy to endanger security of persons or property, for allegedly making and using explosives.

Two political prisoners intimidated into signing Statement of Loyalty

On 24 February 2015, human rights lawyers met with authorities from the Papua Regional office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights in Papua (Kementerian Hukum dan HAM, Kemenhukam) to seek clarification on the legal status of long term political prisoners Kimanus Wenda and Linus Hiluka. In early December 2014, the two men signed a Statement of Loyalty to the Republic of Indonesia. This is a requirement to be eligible for parole under government regulations for crimes against the state. Lawyers reported that the two men had signed the Statement of Loyalty under duress and felt intimidated and was threatened into doing so. The two men have since rejected the Statement of Loyalty. Kemenhukam authorities told lawyers that they would move ahead with the coordination of their parole application.

As reported in our November 2014 update, on 8 November, the two men were moved from Nabire prison to the holding cell of the Nabire Regional police station after an altercation broke out between Kimanus Wenda and a prison guard. The two men were inhumanely treated while detained in the police station, being denied access to a toilet and only given plastic bottles to use.

Cases of concern

Bloody Paniai report

The National Commission on Human Rights (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) continued its investigations into ‘Bloody Paniai’ this month. Tabloid Jubi reported that on 18 to 20 February, dozens of eyewitnesses and victims met with the Komnas HAM investigative team led by Maneger Nasution. Nasution told Indonesian press that thus far, Komnas HAM had found indications of four human rights violations: the right to life, children’s rights, women’s rights and the right to freedom from torture. He also added that the team will collect more information and that it is possible an ad-hoc team may be formed should there be indications of more severe human rights violations. In particular, the team plans to look for evidence demonstrating that the shooting was premeditated.

Papua Police Chief Inspector General Yotje Mende told Papuan press that police are faced with difficulty in investigating the shooting incident as witnesses had reportedly moved and autopsies on the dead victims were forbidden by their families. On 13 and 14 February, Jhon Gobai, the head of the Paniai Customary Council, met with the Institute of the Protection of Witnesses and Victims (Lembaga Perlindungan Saksi dan Korban, LPSK) to ask them to oversee and provide protection to witnesses and victims throughout the investigative process. Gobai reported that the local community had been living in fear and trauma since the 8 December shootings.

Mende has also stated that an armed rebel group led by Leo Yogi could have been responsible for the shootings, despite several well-documented accounts by eyewitnesses and Papuan human rights sources that clearly describe military and police responsibility for the shootings. Laurenzus Kadepa, a member of the Papua Legislative Council, told Jubi that he suspected that a fire that had broken out in a junior high school in Enarotali was possibly intended to prevent a resolution to the case. The Junior High Gospel Church Educational Institute (Yayasan Pendidikan Persekolahan Gereja Injil, YPPGI) was attended by two of the four students who were shot dead on 8 December 2014.

On 28 January, the Independent Student Forum (Forum Independen Mahasiswa, FIM) held a peaceful demonstration in Jayapura calling for accountability for the case. The demonstration was dispersed by Abepura District police (Kepolisian Sektor Abepura) who claimed that they did not have permission to demonstrate.                                                 

Abepura prison guard raped a juvenile detainee

Information received from lawyers with KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan Papua) reported the rape of a juvenile prisoner by a prison guard in Abepura prison. The incident allegedly took place on 17 November 2014 when Lodwik Entong, the Sub-Section Chief of Abepura prison, attacked the minor in his prison cell. Lawyers providing legal accompaniment to the victim reported that Jayapura High Court judges blamed the rape on the victim, reportedly because of his ‘effeminate nature’. Lawyers are currently coordinating with the Head of the Correctional Division (Kepala Divisi Pemasyarakatan, Kadiv Pas) of the Regional Office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia, Kemenkumham Provinsi Papua) to transfer the victim to Biak prison due to fears of retaliation. The victim could also be closer to his family if he was transferred to Biak prison. Further court hearings will take place in March.

UNCEN students threatened by intelligence officers

An article by Suara Papua reported intimidation and threats faced by two Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) students from officers from the National Intelligence Agency (Badan Intelejen Negara, BIN). On 7 February, Kansiskoris Mahuze was reportedly followed by seven people who monitored him outside his house in Waena, Jayapura. Mahuze’s wife overhead their conversation, where they reportedly discussed their plans of kidnapping him and another UNCEN student, Benyamin Lagowan. Lagowan told Papuan news site Suara Papua that he had been followed and monitored by intelligence officers previously. The two men are politically active students involved with the Medical Faculty Solidarity for Student Health (Solidaritas Mahasiswa Kesehatan Peduli Fakultas Kedokteran, SMKP-FK).

News

Human rights lawyers come together to address security

On 16 and 17 February, a focus group discussion was organised by the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid, (Yayasan Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum, LP3BH) on the theme of the System of Protection for Lawyers and Human Rights Defenders in Papua. The focus group was attended by lawyers who are at high levels of risk of threats, harassment, intimidation and physical attacks due to their work with cases involving human rights violations. The focus group will work together to coordinate several action points and strategic programmes to address these issues.

February 2015 Papuan political prisoners

  Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Areki Wanimbo 6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 Awaiting trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Wamena
2 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
3 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
4 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
5 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
6 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
7 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
8 Lendeng Omu 21 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station
9 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
10 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
11 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
12 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
13 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
14 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
15 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
16 Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
17 Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
18 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
19 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
20 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
21 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
22 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
23 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
24 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
25 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
26 Niko Sasomar 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
27 Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
28 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
29 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
30 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
31 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
32 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
33 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
34 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
35 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
36 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
37 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
38 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info@papuansbehindbars.org.

January 2015: Heavy security presence destabilises indigenous Papuan communities

In brief

At the end of January 2015, there were at least 38 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

The notable apparent decrease in the number of political prisoners is due to updated information on cases where news is often inaccessible or hard to come by. As timely information is often difficult to obtain, it is at times challenging to confirm if a political prisoner has been released. Additionally, news was also received this month of the release of six political prisoners in the Aimas 1 May case last November, following the end of their 1.5 year prison sentences. While the number of political prisoners recorded this month is comparably lower than those recorded in previous months, reports of mass arrests, ill-treatment and torture continue.

In January, at least 78 people were arrested in Utikini village and detained at Mimika Regional police office following the shooting of two Mobile Brigade (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers and one Freeport security officer. During the large-scale raid in Timika, at least 116 people were rounded up, including 48 women and three children. At least four people were reported to have suffered serious injuries from torture and ill-treatment, 439 homes were reportedly burned down and five people, including a baby, are believed to have died due to a lack of food and medicine after fleeing the violence.

The terrorising of whole communities in retaliation for armed activity demonstrates a common form of collective punishment used by security forces against indigenous Papuans. Similar reprisal attacks were also seen in Pirime district, Lanny Jaya in July 2014 and Puncak Illaga district, Timika in December 2014. Local communities in conflict areas are often targeted for arbitrary arrest and suffer torture, ill-treatment and internal displacement. While it is hard to ascertain the exact number of people living in such areas who are at risk of serious human rights violations, reports received from Papuan human rights sources indicate that the figure is in the thousands. The raid on Utikini village in Timika this month alone has reportedly resulted in around 5,000 internally displaced people. It is difficult to obtain accurate and timely information on the situation in these areas as they are often remote and heavily controlled by security forces. Instead of ensuring the protection of basic rights for local communities, the presence of security forces seem to be deeply destabilising.

Also in Timika this month, a student was heavily beaten by Brimob officers because he could not afford to pay for a meal at a street stall. He was shot when he attempted to retaliate by fighting back and throwing stones. The tendency for security forces to resort to the use of firearms to respond to the slightest provocation or in some instances, as the first measure used on arrest or detention of unarmed individuals, is an ongoing serious concern regarding policing methods. Such trigger-happy responses were seen in the ‘Bloody Paniai’ incident and in demonstrations in Dogiyai last month, as well as events in Yotefa market in July and August 2014. It is important to highlight that in almost all recorded cases, the perpetrators continue to enjoy total impunity.

Newly received information regarding the Bloody Paniai case has revealed that on 8 December 2014, four Papuans were fatally shot, and not the previously reported number of six. While the National Human Rights Commission of Indonesia (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) has formed a Fact Finding Team (Tim Penyelidikan Fakta, TPF), such a mechanism is only able to submit recommendations to the Indonesian government. Human rights groups are pushing for Komnas HAM to establish an Investigative Commission into Human Rights Violations (Komisi Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM, KPP HAM) in order to be able to bring the case to trial.

Arrests

Mass arrests, ill-treatment and torture during large-scale security raid in Mimika

Scores of people were arrested in Timika following the fatal shootings of two Brimob officers and one Freeport security officer. Human rights workers and Papuan media also reported cases of torture, ill-treatment and indiscriminate shooting by security forces in response to the shootings which took place on 1 January 2015.

On 1 January, at around 21:00 Papuan time, Second Brigadier Officers Riyan Hariansyah and M Adpriadi and Freeport security officer Suko Miartono were fatally shot in an armed attack while they were passing through Utikini village, Tembagapura district, in a patrol car. An armed pro-independence branch of the West Papua National Liberation Army (Tentera Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, TPNPB) headed by Ayub Waker issued a statement claiming responsibility for the attack.

A report received from a local human rights source stated that 13 people were arrested later the same day and are currently detained at Mimika Regional police station. It is currently unclear whether the 13 detainees are affiliated with the armed group and what charges they face.

On 6 January, a joint police and military task force raided Utikini village and rounded up at least 116 people, including 48 women and three children. Some reports indicated higher figures of more than 200 people. Out of those rounded up at Utikini village, 65 people were arrested and interrogated at Mimika Regional police station, reportedly because they possessed membership cards for the West Papua Interest Association (WPIA), a group that supports self-determination. Kamaniel Wakel, a tribal chief from Utikini village, was one of the 65 believed to have been detained. On 23 January, 64 of the detainees were released from Mimika Regional police station. 35-year-old Maxson Waker remains in detention, however it is currently unclear what charges he faces.

Papuan news site Jubi also reported torture, ill-treatment and unprocedural use of firearms by security forces during the raid. Two men from the village, Narogay Ela and Yondiman Waker, reportedly suffered gunshot injuries. Another Papuan, Merson Waker, is reported to have suffered serious stab wounds. According to a report by the Baptist Voice of Human Rights in West Papua (Suara Baptis Papua), 30-year-old Seribu Kogoya was reportedly tortured during the raid after he tried to speak out when police severely beat Senimela Wakerkwa, a Lanny Jaya tribal chief. Security forces allegedly slashed his head and sprayed salt water on his wounds while interrogating him. Local human rights activists told Jubi that those in need of medical treatment following the violence could not access hospitals as roads were being blocked by security forces.

According to witness testimony, security forces burned down 439 homes and confiscated pigs belonging to the villagers. Benny Pakage, a human rights activist with the Tabernacle Church in Papua (Kingmi Papua), told Jubi that as many as 5,000 villagers have fled the village to escape the violence. Due to the displacement, they sought temporary shelter in forests without adequate food and water and were then forced to find refuge in other regions. Five people, including a baby, is reported to have died due to a lack of medication or starvation while hiding in the forests.

According to a press statement by the Head of National Police, Inspector General Yotje Mende, 1,576 security personnel were involved in the raid. Among them, two-thirds of the officers were from the Mimika Regional police, 453 from the Amole Task Force and 150 from the Mimika District Military Command Battalion.

Due to difficulty in obtaining accurate and timely information from Timika, it is still unclear whether the 13 people arrested on 1 January are still in detention. It is believed that the 13 detainees, along with Maxson Waker, do not currently have any legal representation. Papuans Behind Bars will continue to report on this case as developments come to light.

Releases

Six detainees in Aimas 1 May case released

On 1 November 2014, Hengky Mangamis, Yordan Magablo, Obaja Kamesrar, Antonius Saruf, Obeth Kamesrar and Klemens Kodimko were released following the end of their 1.5 year prison sentences. Isak Klaibin, the only remaining detainee in the case, continues to serve a 3.5 year prison sentence in Sorong prison. The seven men were sentenced for conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106 and 110 of the Indonesian Criminal Code and possession of weapons under Emergency Law 12/1951. They were arrested on 30 April 2013 during a gathering of community members to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the administrative transfer of Papua to Indonesia on 1 May 2013. Security forces had fired into the crowd for 20 minutes, causing the death of two Papuan men.

Salomina Klaibin, the sister of Isak Klaibin, suffered serious gunshot injuries and later died in hospital under suspicious circumstances.

Pastor arrested in Lanny Jaya raids released

Information received from Jayapura-based human rights workers indicate that Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa, who was arrested on 1 August 2014 during a military raid in Lanny Jaya has since been released. Wakerkwa was arrested when fighting broke out between security forces and an armed group led by resistance leader Enden Wanimbo.

KNPB Merauke activists released

Reports received from local human rights workers state that Ferdinandus Blagaize and Selestinus Blagaize, two activists of the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) have been released from detention in Okaba District police station. The two activists were arrested for possessing a referendum-related document and books on Papuan history that were intended for a socialisation event in their home village of Okaba.

Timur Wakerkwa released

In early November 2014, Timur Wakerkwa was released following the end of his 2.5 year prison sentence. On 1 May 2012, he was arrested alongside Darius Kogoya for taking part in a demonstration marking the 49th anniversary of the administrative transfer of West Papua to Indonesia. Both men were charged with treason under Article 106 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. Kogoya continues to serve a three-year sentence in Abepura prison.

Election boycott detainees released

Human rights lawyers reported the release of Sudi Wetipo, Elius Elosak, Domi Wetipo and Agus Doga from Jayawijaya Regional police station in Wamena. According to updated information obtained from sources in Wamena, the four men were arrested in Silokarno district on 11 July 2014, instead of 14 July as previously reported. They were detained alongside the five detainees in the Pisugi Elections Boycott case. On 13 July, they were released without charge. The four men were arrested because they chose not to participate in the Presidential Elections in July 2014 and had called for an election boycott.

Political trials and cases overview

Yosep Siep not receiving psychological treatment; trial for four others suspended

Defence lawyers from the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) have reported that Yosep Siep, one of the five men arrested in the Pisugi Election Boycott case, is no longer in detention in Wamena prison. Last month, Siep was hospitalised for chest and ear pains endured as a result of torture he faced on arrest. He also seemed to be suffering from stress and was unable to concentrate when answering questions. He has been advised to consult with a psychologist by the general practitioner of the hospital, but as there are no such services in Wamena, he has not been able to receive the treatment he needs for a full recovery. As there are no definite arrangements with the District Court to ensure that Siep is receiving the medical treatment he needs to be fit for trial, he has since returned home. However, his status as a suspect in the case remains and he is still at risk of re-arrest or trial. Court hearings for the four other detainees have been repeatedly postponed due to a lack of witnesses willing to submit testimony.

25 detained in Illaga raid released

On 12 December 2014, the 25 men arrested in the Puncak Illaga military raid were released. On 3 December, they were arrested in relation to the fatal shootings of two Brimob officers in Puncak Jaya. According to a local human rights investigator, the men were released from detention due to insufficient evidence linking them to the attack. Pro-independence armed group TPNPB had claimed responsibility for the attack, but stated that those who were arrested during the raid were ordinary civilians and not TPNPB members.

Cases of concern

Brimob shoots student in Timika

Papuan news site Majalah Selangkah reported that on 10 January 2015, Melkias Nawipa, a 20-year-old student was beaten and shot by Brimob officers because he was IDR 3,000 (USD 0.25) short of paying for his meal at a street side noodle stall. The stall owner reported him to police who proceeded to severely beat him. Brimob officers fired five shots in Nawipa’s direction when he retaliated by fighting back and throwing stones. He suffered a gunshot injury to his back and was taken to the emergency unit in Mimika Hospital.

Correction to Bloody Paniai report

New information from Nabire-based human rights investigators has revealed that on 8 December 2014, four Papuans were shot dead in the ‘Bloody Paniai’ incident, instead of six people, as reported in our December update. The victims were Simon Degei (an 18-year-old high school student), Alpius Youw, Alpius Gobai and Yulian Yeimo (all 17-year-old high school students).

Suara Papua reported that the situation in Enarotali, Paniai, is still tense and that the local community are severely traumatised by the shootings. On 7 January 2015, the National Human Rights Commission of Indonesia (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) formed a Fact Finding Team (Tim Penyelidikan Fakta, TPF) which would be able to submit recommendations regarding the case to the government, but not to bring the case to trial. Papuan human rights groups have called on Komnas HAM to form an Investigative Commission into Human Rights Violations (Komisi Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM, KPP HAM) in order to be able to bring the case to trial in accordance with Law 26/2000 on the Court of Human Rights.

News

Note regarding the removal of three men from the political prisoner list

In this month’s update, we have removed three men – Deber Enumby, Tiragud Enumby and Yenite Morib – from the list of political prisoners. Papuans Behind Bars has not received any new information regarding the three men for more than a year. It is likely that they may have already been released. On 4 Janaury, Deber Enumby was arrested following the theft of eight firearms from the Kurilik police post. Several weeks later, Tiragud Enumby and Yenite Morib were arrested in a raid at Dondobaga Church in Kurilik village. We will continue to report on their case should any new developments come to light.

January 2015 Papuan political prisoners

  Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Areki Wanimbo 6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 Awaiting trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Wamena
2 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
3 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
4 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
5 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
6 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Wamena
7 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
8 Lendeng Omu 21 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station
9 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
10 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
11 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
12 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
13 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
14 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
15 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
16 Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
17 Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
18 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
19 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
20 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
21 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
22 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
23 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
24 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
25 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
26 Niko Sasomar 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
27 Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Abepura
28 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
29 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
30 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
31 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
32 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
33 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
34 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
35 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
36 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
37 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
38 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info@papuansbehindbars.org.

December 2014: Bloody Paniai: military brutality threatens Jokowi’s promise of human rights in Papua

In brief

At the end of December 2014, there were at least 55 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

Six Papuans were killed and at least 22 others suffered injuries as a result of indiscriminate shootings by military and police officers on 8 December 2014 in Enarotali district in Paniai regency. Security forces fired into a crowd of around 800 peaceful demonstrators who were performing a traditional Papuan waita dance in protest of the torture of a 13-year-old boy by Special Military Team Unit Batallion 753 (Oknum Tim Khusus Batalyon 753, Timsus 753) officers the previous day. Timsus 753 military officers were also responsible of the documented torture of two Papuans in May 2010. This brutal treatment of children by State security forces in open and public spaces is particularly alarming and sums up the entrenched culture of impunity in Papua.

Without conducting a thorough, independent and impartial investigation, Indonesian military officials gave what one analyst called a “classic response” by shifting blame for the 8 December shootings on the Free Papua Movement (Operasi Papua Merdeka, OPM). In another response, dismissed by Papuan community leaders as fabrications, Tedjo Edhy Purdijatno, the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Security told Indonesian media outlets that the shootings had already been dealt with in the customary manner, by performing an indigenous ritual of bakar batu. These responses seriously call into question the political will of Indonesian authorities to seek accountability and transparency for what has come to be known as ‘Bloody Paniai.’

While President Joko Widodo stated that a fact-finding team would be formed, it remains to be seen if it would be a joint inquiry consisting of the army, police, the National Commission of Human Rights (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM), and traditional Papuan leaders, in accordance with the recommendations of Komnas HAM. The importance of such a joint inquiry would be to ensure that military personnel responsible could be questioned and therefore held to account. Political and human rights analysts have speculated that the 8 December shootings may have been fuelled by an emboldened military following the announcement of Jokowi’s support for a new regional military command (Komando Daerah Militer, Kodam) in Papua. Long-standing violations by the Indonesian military in Papua, perpetuated by a culture of impunity, suggest that such plans are incompatible with Jokowi’s earlier pledges of protecting human rights in Papua. On 27 December, tens of demonstrators in Jayapura were arrested for protesting the planned visit of President Jokowi. The demonstrators, along with other Papuan civil society groups, rejected Jokowi’s visit in response to Bloody Paniai.

In a separate case in Puncak Illaga in Mimika regency this month, at least 26 Papuans were arrested and ill-treated, some of whom were tortured. This case echo three other cases reported in 2014: the Nimbokrang arrests in August, the Sasawa arrests in February and Bloody Yotefa in July. In these cases, security forces continue to target ordinary Papuan civilians with excessive use of force and indiscriminate arrests in a bid to collectively punish indigenous Papuan communities for violent acts committed by other criminal individuals and groups. Such violent reprisal attacks highlight the lack of basic protection afforded to indigenous Papuans against atrocities committed by Indonesian state security forces.

One of the detainees in the Pisugi Elections Boycott case, Yosep Siep, has been hospitalized due to pains endured as a result of torture faced on arrest. Court hearings for the five Pisugi detainees have been repeatedly postponed due to the difficulty of obtaining witness testimonies in court. In Nabire, ten West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papus Barat, KNPB) members were released after more than a month in detention, reportedly due to the lack of evidence to bring them to trial.

Arrests

Several arrested for demonstrating against Jokowi visit

Papuan news source Suara Papua reported that on 27 December 2014, tens of demonstrators were arrested by security forces for participating in a long march protesting the visit of Indonesian President Joko Widodo to Papua. According to a testimony from one witness, the demonstrators were dressed in indigenous dress and intended to march from Sosial Street in Sentani to Sentani Airport. On the march, they were stopped by Military Infantry Batallion 751 and were reportedly arrested by both military and police officers. They were then detained in Jayapura Regional police station. It is not yet clear exactly how many demonstrators were arrested and if they currently remain in detention.

Dozens arrested and tortured by security forces in Puncak Illaga

Information received by independent local human rights workers reported the arrests of at least 26 Papuans in Illaga in Puncak Jaya, Mimika regency following the fatal shootings of two Mobile Brigade (Brigades Mobil, Brimob) officers by the pro-independence armed movement the West Papua National Liberation Army (Tentera Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, TPNPB).

On 3 December 2014, two Brimob officers were shot in front of the offices of the Papuan Legislative Council (DPRD, Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua) in Kago district, Mimika. TPNPB members also took their assault rifles. TPNPB has released a statement claiming responsibility for the attack. Shortly afterwards, a joint military and police task force responded by conducting a search operation in the area, burning down 15 homes belonging to local villagers, who were reportedly not involved in the attack. The homes that were burned down include 13 traditional honai houses and the home of Kwarnus Murib, the local district head. 24 people were arrested and allegedly faced ill-treatment and torture on arrest. One of the detainees, Pai Murib, was released in a critical condition following heavy beatings to his stomach. Murib was sent to the public hospital in Puncak Jaya following his release, and was only able to speak and eat after two days. According to Murib’s testimony, on 3 December he was out collecting wood in the forest to use at home when police, without questioning him, proceeded to severely beat and then detain him.

The 23 other people who were arrested are Baitem Murib, Rekules Murib, Patung Kulua, Munius Tabuni, Pliton Murib, Wisisi Murib, Elison Murib, Yomis Murib, Ketamius Telenggen, Daud Murib, Penggeri Murib, Tipen Tabuni, Kitenius Murib, Matius Murib, Malukni Murib, Delpi Kulua, Agus Magai, Isak Tabuni, Manus Waker, Yonar Telenggen, Donar Telenggen and Yuh Mom. According to human rights investigators, the 23 men were not involved in the attack against the two Brimob officers. They are currently detained in Puncak Ilaga Regional police station.

On 5 December, Mernus Murib and Tomas Tabuni (a member of the Regional People’s Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah, DPRD) of Puncak Ilaga) were arrested outside Bank Papua in Puncak Ilaga and detained in Puncak Ilaga Regional police station. They were reportedly arrested in relation to the attack on the two Brimob officers. It is unclear what involvement, if any, the two men have in the attack.

Human rights investigators reported concerns for the welfare of the 25 detainees, stating that they may be at risk of torture. The detainees are currently without legal representation.

Releases

KNPB Nabire and Dogiyai activists released

On 23 December, ten KNPB activists from Nabire and Dogiyai who were arrested on 19 November, were released. Sadrak Kudiai, the head of KNPB Nabire, Agus Tebay, Derius Goo, Yafet Keiya, Hans Edoway and Aleks Pigai from Nabire, and David Pigai, the head of KNPB Dogiyai, Enesa Anouw, Marsel Saul Edowai and Agus Waine from Dogiyai, were previously charged with incitement and treason under Articles 160, 106 and 55 of the Indonesian Criminal code. They were arrested for taking part in commemorative activities celebrating the 6th anniversary of the formation of the KNPB. Majalah Selangkah reported that the Head of Nabire Regional Police, H.R. Situmeang stated that the ten members were ‘gifted’ a Chrismas release following appeals from the local tribal leader and villagers. One of the detainees, Sadrak Kudiai, challenged Situmeang’s statement, asserting instead that they were released because police could not find evidence to detain them further.

Political trials and cases overview

Yosep Siep hospitalised; hearings postponed amid no-show of witnesses in Pisugi Elections Boycott case

One of the detainees of the Pisugi Elections Boycott case, Yosep Siep, has been hospitalised for chest and ear pains endured as a result of torture he faced on arrest. According to defence lawyers, Siep also seemed to be unable to concentrate when answering questions and is under tremendous stress. He is also reportedly suffering from typhoid. Siep previously received medical treatment but was still made to attend hearings despite his poor condition. However, defence lawyers appealed for Siep to receive intensive treatment in hospital until he is fully recovered. His court hearing has since been postponed until he is fully recovered.

Court hearings have also been postponed for the four other detainees – Ibrahim Marian, Marsel Marian, Yance Walilo and Yosasam Serabut – as witnesses did not show to testify. Court hearings scheduled for 3 and 10 December were postponed when witnesses who were called forward to present their testimonies failed to attend the hearings. Witnesses who were called forward included members of the public and police officers. According the Public Prosecutor, the members of the public were no longer living in the area and thus not able to attend, and the police witnesses were too preoccupied with policing activities to be able to attend.

Case of concern

Six dead, 22 injured in Paniai military and police shootings

On 8 December 2014, five Papuans were fatally shot by military and police officers and at least 22 others suffered injuries in Enarotali district in Paniai regency. A sixth victim died in hospital the following day. Security forces began indiscriminately shooting into a crowd of Papuans who were performing a traditional indigenous dance in protest of the torture and ill-treatment of three boys by military officers the previous day.

According to reports from local human rights investigators and Papuan media, on the evening of 7 December, at around 20:20 Papua time, three boys aged 12 to 13 stopped a vehicle in Enarotali and urged its occupants to turn on their headlights for safety reasons as it was dark. At 21:00, the same vehicle accompanied by a military vehicle belonging to Special Military Team Unit Batallion 753 (Oknum Tim Khusus Batalyon 753, Timsus 753) arrived back to the same spot to seek out the three boys. Timsus 753 military officers severely beat Yulianus Yeimo, one of the three boys, with rifle butts and slashed him on the head and body, as documented in a report by the Peace and Justice Department of the Papuan Gospel Tabernacle Church (Departemen Keadilan dan Perdamaian Sinode Gereja Kemah Injil (KINGMI) di Tanah Papua). Yeimo eventually managed to escape and ran away with the two other boys. The military officers chased the three boys and fired shots in their direction. As a result, one of the boys, Jeri Gobai, reportedly suffered a gunshot wound on his right shoulder.

The following day, on 8 December, at around 07:00, the Head of Paniai Regional police arrived to the location where Yeimo was tortured. Local villagers assumed they were responsible for the torture and ill-treatment of the three boys, as the vehicle they used was similar to the one used the previous night, and started throwing stones at the police. After an intervention from the local regent, tension eased and the crowd stopped their actions.

At around 09:00, a crowd of around 800 Papuans gathered at Karel Bonay field in front of Enarotali district police station and the Military Command (Komando Rayon Militer, Koramil) to demand an explanation for the events of the previous night. The demonstrators performed a traditional Papuan waita dance, in expression of their grievance. Military and police officers responded by indiscriminately shooting live ammunition into the crowd. Paniai-based human rights investigators and news reports stated that five people died on the spot; Alpius Youw, Yulian Yeimo and Alpius Gobai (all 17-year-old high school students) and Simon Degei (an 18-year-old high school student). Abia Gobay (a 17-year-old high school student) also died from gunshot wounds, but his body was found 400 metres from Karel Bonay field. Reports indicate that his family brought his body back to the family home. The following day, on 9 December, Yulian Tobai, a 40-year-old security guard died of his injuries in hospital, making him the sixth victim of the police and military shootings. A report by Jayapura-based church organisation the Fellowship of Baptist Churches of Papua (Persekutuan Gereja-Gereja Baptis Papua) stated that at least 22 other people suffered gunshot-related injuries. The youngest amongst those that suffered injuries was 8-year-old Benny Yogi, an elementary-school student who was shot in his hand.

On 11 December, Major General Fuad Basya, the Head of the Information Centre for the Indonesian National Army (Tentera Nasional Indonesia, TNI) told Indonesian media of the possibility of separatist involvement in the 8 December shootings. General Gatot Nurmantyo, the Army Chief of Staff, claimed that the shootings were initiated by the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM) from the surrounding mountains. Dr. Otto Nur Abdullah, who heads the National Human Rights Commission (Komisi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) team investigating the 8 December shootings, stated that this was impossible given that the mountains were far away. He asserted instead that military officers from Timsus 753 were responsible for the shootings.

On 15 December, Tedjo Edhy Purdijatno, the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Security (Menteri Koordinator Politik, Hukum dan Keamanan, Menko Polhukam) told Indonesian media outlets that while investigations into the incident are ongoing, the local Papuan community had come to a deal with the military and police in line with customary ways (secara adat), by performing a customary ritual of bakar batu. Local church and community leaders condemned the announcement stating that no such agreement had been made and that it only served to further anger the families of the victims. The Head of the Papuan Customary Council (Dewan Adat Papua, DAP) in Paniai, Jhon Gobay, told Majalah Selangkah that such a statement represented a systematic effort by the Indonesian State to conceal the situation and to abscond responsibility for the 8 December shootings.

Komnas HAM has called on the Indonesian government to conduct a joint fact-finding inquiry consisting of the army, police, Komnas HAM and traditional Papuan leaders. Human Rights Watch Indonesia and Imparsial have similarly implored the Indonesian government to conduct a joint inquiry, to ensure that investigators can question military personnel who were present during the incident. Human Rights Watch have also called on the Indonesian government to protect witnesses present during the 8 December shootings, noting that a preliminary report by Komnas HAM showed that witnesses were “unwilling to testify” due to concerns of reprisals. A Suara Papua article reported that the local community were severely traumatised by the shootings and that a heavy presence of armed members from the security forces could still be found in Enarotali almost a week after the shootings.

In response to the 8 December shootings, that has now come to be known as ‘Bloody Paniai’, Papuan civil society groups including the Ecumenical Forum of Papuan Churches (Forum Oikumenis Gereja-Gereja Papua) and student group Gempar-R voiced their disagreement against President Jokowi’s planned Christmas visit to Jayapura on 27 December. On 27 December, in a speech addressing a crowd of hundreds in Mandala Stadium in Jayapura city, Jokowi broke his silence on the 8 December shootings, stating that he wanted “the case to be solved immediately” and that “by forming a fact-finding team” he hoped to “obtain valid information [about what actually happened], as well as find the root of the problems.”

News

Komnas HAM to monitor treason cases in Papua; Theys Eluay murder case may be reopened

An article on the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) website reported that Komnas HAM will begin to pay more attention to monitoring treason cases in Papua. Dr. Otto Nur Abdullah, who leads the Komnas HAM team investigating Bloody Paniai, noted that they plan to monitor the full trial process of cases involving treason charges. Komnas HAM also plans to conduct plenary sessions examining past cases, including the murder of Papuan leader Theys Eluay, the disappearance of Eluay’s personal driver, Aristoteles Masoka, and the disappearance of 17 speedboat passengers in Serui in March 2009. Dr. Abdullah also stated the possibility of reopening the Theys Eluay case to reach a verdict regarding his abduction.

December 2014 Papuan political prisoners

  Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Areki Wanimbo 6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 Awaiting trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters
2 Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa 1 August 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Lanny Jaya 2014 military raid arrests Uncertain Uncertain Lanny Jaya Regional police station
3 Sudi Wetipo 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
4 Elius Elosak 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
5 Domi Wetipo 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
6 Agus Doga 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
7 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
8 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
9 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
10 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
11 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Pisugi Election Boycott Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
12 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
13 Ferdinandus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station
14 Selestinus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station
15 Lendeng Omu 21 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station
16 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
17 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
18 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
19 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
20 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
21 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
22 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
23 Yenite Morib 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station
24 Tiragud Enumby 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station
25 Deber Enumby 4 January 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 Police investigation pending Kurilik firearms arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
26 Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
27 Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
28 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
29 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
30 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
31 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
32 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
33 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
34 Hengky Mangamis 30 April 2013 106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
35 Yordan Magablo 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
36 Obaja Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
37 Antonius Saruf 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
38 Obeth Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
39 Klemens Kodimko 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
40 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
41 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
42 Niko Sasomar 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
43 Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
44 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
45 Timur Wakerkwa 1 May 2012 106 2 years and 6 months 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
46 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
47 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
48 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
49 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
50 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
51 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
52 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
53 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
54 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
55 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info@papuansbehindbars.org.

November 2014: KNPB remain most targeted Papuan civil society group

In brief

At the end of November 2014, there were at least 65 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

The West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) remains the most heavily targeted civil society group in Papua. So far this year, there have been 101 arrests of KNPB activists or those suspected of being affiliated to the KNPB. The pattern of mass arrests of KNPB members continued this month with 28 KNPB members arrested for participating in peaceful commemorative activities celebrating the 6th anniversary of the formation of the KNPB in 2008. This July, 36 KNPB arrests were made in relation to a peaceful planned boycott of the Indonesian Presidential elections. There appears to be no end in sight for punitive and indiscriminate actions against the KNPB, including raids, mass arrests, arbitrary detention, ill-treatment and torture. Police attempts to delegitimise the KNPB as an ‘illegal’ organisation under the auspices of Law 17/2013 on Social Organisations (UU 17/2013 tentang Organisasi Kemasyarakatan) restricts peaceful expression and represents a shrinking of democratic space.

The 12 detainees in the Nimbokrang Elections Boycott case were released on bail but may yet be tried and are currently under city arrest. The four detainees in the Freedom Flotilla arrests case in Sorong in August 2013 and the two detainees in the Sarmi treason case in December 2013 likewise remain in legal limbo. In these cases, bail conditions included the possibility of re-arrest if found repeating the same ‘offence,’ such as demonstrating or boycotting an election. These stringent bail conditions together with police surveillance and restrictions on physical movement are aimed at deterring indigenous Papuan activists from exercising their right to peaceful protest. This clearly violates the rights to freedom of assembly and expression. Similarly, the inclusion of activists and leaders in police ‘wanted’ lists (Daftar Pencarian Orang, DPO) is another strategy used by police to criminalise and intimidate indigenous civil society groups.

Linus Hiel Hiluka and Kimanus Wenda, two political prisoners detained in Nabire who are serving sentences of 19 years and 10 months each, were subjected to inhumane treatment by police. The trial for Areki Wanimbo, who has been detained since 6 August, is expected to begin in December. Wanimbo was arrested alongside two French journalists who visited him as part of their investigations into the situation in Lanny Jaya. He faces charges of conspiracy to commit treason which carries a maximum six-year sentence.

Arrests

KNPB members in Nabire, Dogiyai and Kaimana face ill-treatment and arbitrary arrest for commemorating anniversary

28 West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) members in Nabire, Dogiyai and Kaimana were subject to arrest and ill-treatment by Indonesian police during commemorative activities celebrating the 6th anniversary of the formation of the KNPB. 

Nabire

On 19 November, ten people were arrested in two separate gatherings in Nabire City district. According to testimony of one those arrested and later released, Agus Tebay, the organiser of one of the gatherings was beaten on arrest. All ten men were reported to have been detained in isolation overnight and were not given access to proper sanitation, food or water. On 23 November, it was reported that four of the men had been released. According to a report from Papuan news site Suara Papua, the six men who remain in detention, Sadrak Kudiai, the head of KNPB Nabire, Agus Tebay, Derius Goo, Yafet Keiya, Hans Edoway and Aleks Pigai were charged with incitement and treason under Articles 160, 106 and 55 of the Indonesian Criminal code.

Dogiyai

12 men were arrested in Dogiyai Regency when KNPB members gathered to commemorate the anniversary of the KNPB. They were stopped by Nabire police and Mobile Brigades (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) officers, some of whom were fully armed. When KNPB members attempted to negotiate with the security forces to allow them to conduct a prayer session, police reportedly responded by firing shots into the crowd and beating and arresting those who attempted to flee. Four of the 12 men arrested – David Pigai, Oktovianus Tebay, Markus Mote and Ansalmus Pigay – were reported to have suffered gunshot wounds.

According to an early report by Majalah Selangkah, David Pigai is reported to have been heavily beaten and stabbed in the back of the head with a bayonet blade in detention. It is believed that he is being denied access to medical attention. The detainees were also reportedly denied food and clean water. David Pigai, the head of KNPB Dogiyai, Enesa Anouw, Marsel Saul Edowai and Agus Waine were charged with incitement and treason under Articles 160, 106 and 55 of the Indonesian Criminal code.

Kaimana

According to a report by Jubi, on 24 November, police conducted a search operation in the KNPB secretariat in Kaimana regency and arrested six KNPB members. The arrests follow activities held on 19 November by KNPB Kaimana commemorating the 6th anniversary of the KNPB. Gofur Kurita, Nikolaus Busira, Demianus Waita, Marden Namsau, Kores Namsau and Dewi Kurita were released shortly afterwards.

Releases

Nimbokrang detainees bailed

On 13 and 14 November, the 12 detainees in the Nimbokrang case were released on bail and are currently under city arrest. Lawyers from KontraS Papua (Komisi untuk Orang Hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan) reported that seven of the detainees, Philemon Yare, Loserek Loho, Sahayu Loho, Alpi Pahabol, Gad Mabel, Enos Hisage and Herman Siep, originally from Yalimo, were released and flown back to Yalimo. The remaining five detainees, Nius Alum, Yos Watei, Jhon Pigai and Anton Gobay, were released the following day. Police informed KontraS Papua lawyers that the decision to release the detainees was because some of the detainees were elderly and that a few of them were tribal leaders from Yalimo whose prolonged detention might destabilise the situation in that area. According to lawyers, during police investigations the 12 detainees were not treated as main suspects in the case. Despite this, they spent more than three months in detention, charged with treason and are now set to remain in a legal limbo.

On 10 August 2014, the 12 detainees were arrested alongside eight others under accusations of involvement with the National Papua Army/Free Papua Movement (Tentera Papua Nasional/Operasi Papua Merdeka) TPN/OPM. Their arrests followed repeated police raids in Berab village in Nimbokrang district, reportedly due to information received by security forces about alleged armed pro-independence camps in the village. Lawyers reported that while unlikely, the 12 men are still at risk of facing trial.

Stefanus Banal released

On 18 November, Stefanus Banal was released from Abepura prison. Information received from the Office for Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation of Franciscans of Papua (Sekretariat Keadilan Perdamaian dan Keutuhan Ciptaan Fransiskan Papua, SKPKC Jayapura) stated that Banal has not yet received an operation needed for his leg as a result of being shot on arrest by police in Oksibil in Pegunungan Bintang regency. The operation required involves removing metal rods that were inserted in his leg to realign his broken shin bone. The medical treatment he initially received in Bhayangkara Police hospital shortly after his arrest in May 2013 was criticised by human rights investigators as being insufficient. Abepura prison authorities had refused to pay for his medical costs, which have so far been covered by civil society groups.

Political trials and cases overview

Sasawa detainees sentenced, appeal to be transferred to Serui prison

On 13 November, the seven detainees in the Sasawa case were sentenced to three-and-a-half years’ imprisonment each after being found guilty of conspiracy to commit treason, rebellion and possession of sharp weapons. The Public Prosecutor in the case had demanded for a four year prison sentence.

According to defence lawyers, the trial could not be considered to be fair as only two witnesses were called to submit their testimonies. More importantly, lawyers argued that the court did not take into account the fact that the witnesses faced intimidation in Sasawa, where all aspects of social life is heavily controlled by the criminal armed group headed by Fernando Worawoai. The 12 detainees were accused of being affiliated with this group.

Lawyers stated that the seven detainees have decided not to appeal their sentences for fear of potentially receiving longer sentences. However the seven detainees have requested a transfer to Serui prison to be closer to their families. The Regional Office for the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kantor Wilayah Kementerian Hukum dan HAM, Kanwil Hukum dan HAM), in Jayapura stated that this request may not be fulfilled as the local government lacks the funds for the transfer and that the associated costs may have to be met by the families themselves. Lawyers were told by Jayapura authorities that they would have to appeal to the Regional Office in Manokwari instead as Sorong is part of West Papua province and not Papua province.

Areki Wanimbo trial imminent

Defence lawyers reported that the trial for Areki Wanimbo will be held in Wamena. Wanimbo, who is currently held in Papuan Police Headquarters in Jayapura, is expected to be transferred to detention in Wamena in early December. Wanimbo was arrested alongside two French journalists who were released after 11 weeks in detention. He faces charges of conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106 and 110 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. These charges carry a maximum six-year sentence.

Kimanus and Linus inhumanely treated in detention

A report from the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, AlDP) described the inhumane treatment faced by Linus Hiel Hiluka and Kimanus Wenda in Nabire Regional police station. On 8 November, Hiluka and Wenda were moved from Nabire prison to the holding cell of Nabire Regional police station due to an earlier incident. Both men were given permission to do odd jobs outside Nabire prison where they could earn some money to send to their families. In reaction to being denied permission to leave Nabire prison to send money to his family, Wenda reportedly chased a prison guard with an axe as he was chopping wood in the kitchen. Shortly afterwards, they were moved to a special cell in Nabire Regional police station and refused permission to leave. They were reportedly refused access to a toilet and were only given plastic bottles to use.

Following the incident, the Head of the Correctional Division (Kepala Divisi Pemasyarakatan, Kadiv Pas) of the Regional Office of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia, Kemenkumham) stated that the two men may be transferred to Abepura prison in light of security concerns. However, ALDP lawyers brokered an agreement with the authorities to allow both men to remain in Nabire prison so that they could remain close to their families.

Cases of concern

Police block access to lawyers in new ammunition case

Worrying details of police attempts to block access to legal representation have emerged with regard to the arrests of five people in Wamena. According to Jubi, on 26 October, Rambo Wenda was arrested alongside two male and two female counterparts on suspicion of buying of ammunition, among other accusations. Information received from local human rights investigators states that Jayawijaya Regional police fired dozens of shots at the time of arrest, resulting in all five detainees suffering gunshot wounds to the legs.

According to local human rights lawyers, Wamena police attempted to block the detainees’ access to lawyers by stating that the detainees were already receiving legal accompaniment from the Papua Legal Aid Institute (Lembaga Bantuan Hukum, LBH Papua), when in fact they were not. Human rights lawyers stated that this was a way for police to block access to lawyers until the very last stages of investigation before their case was transferred to the Public Prosecutor. The five detainees remain without legal representation. It is not yet clear what charges they face.

News

Filep Karma’s book marks 10 year imprisonment

On 1 December, ‘As if we were half beasts: Indonesian racism in the land of Papua (‘Seakan Kitorang Setengah Binatang: Rasialisme Indonesia di Tanah Papua’) was launched, marking Karma’s 10th year behind bars. The book tells the story of Karma’s childhood in Wamena and Jayapura, the tragedy of Bloody Biak on 6 July 1998 and the racist attitudes of Indonesians towards indigenous Papuans. Karma is currently carrying out a 15-year prison sentence for treason.

Note regarding removal of George Ariks from the list of political prisoners

In this month’s update, we have removed George Ariks from the list of political prisoners. Papuans Behind Bars has not received any new information regarding Ariks for more than a year and it is likely that he has been released as his five-year sentence passed in 2009, should now have been spent. However, we will continue to report on his case should any new information come to light.

November 2014 Papuan political prisoners

  Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention
1 Sadrak Kudiai 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
2 Agus Tebay 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
3 Derius Goo 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
4 Yafet Keiya 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
5 Hans Edoway 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
6 Aleks Pigai 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Nabire Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
7 David Pigai 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Dogiyai Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
8 Aneas Anou 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Dogiyai Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
9 Marsel Edowai 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Dogiyai Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
10 Agus Waine 19 November 2014 Articles 160, 106 and 55 Awaiting trial KNPB anniversary arrests in Dogiyai Uncertain Yes Nabire Regional police station
11 Areki Wanimbo 6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 Awaiting trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters
12 Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa 1 August 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Lanny Jaya 2014 military raid arrests Uncertain Uncertain Lanny Jaya Regional police station
13 Sudi Wetipo 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
14 Elius Elosak 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
15 Domi Wetipo 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
16 Agus Doga 14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
17 Yosep Siep 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
18 Ibrahim Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
19 Marsel Marian 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
20 Yance Walilo 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
21 Yosasam Serabut 9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station
22 Alapia Yalak 4 June 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
23 Ferdinandus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station
24 Selestinus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station
25 Lendeng Omu 21 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station
26 Jemi Yermias Kapanai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
27 Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
28 Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
29 Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
30 Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
31 Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
32 Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 3.5 years Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong
33 Yenite Morib 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station
34 Tiragud Enumby 26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station
35 Deber Enumby 4 January 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 Police investigation pending Kurilik firearms arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters
36 Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
37 Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi
38 Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak
39 Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
40 Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
41 Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
42 George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
43 Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak
44 Hengky Mangamis 30 April 2013 106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
45 Yordan Magablo 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
46 Obaja Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
47 Antonius Saruf 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
48 Obeth Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
49 Klemens Kodimko 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
50 Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong
51 Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
52 Niko Sasomar 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
53 Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi
54 Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura
55 Timur Wakerkwa 1 May 2012 106 2 years and 6 months 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
56 Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura
57 Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
58 Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena
59 Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura
60 Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena
61 Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
62 Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire
63 Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura
64 Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak
65 Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info@papuansbehindbars.org