At the end of August 2014, there were at least 74 political prisoners in Papuan jails.
The situation in Papua deteriorated this month, as Indonesian security forces intensified their crackdown on Papuan civil society. Lawyers, activists, human rights defenders, priests, tribal leaders and journalists were targeted for arrests, intimidation, beatings and murder. The arrest and continued detention of two French journalists in Papua and a Papuan tribal leader highlighted the ongoing restrictions on access to Papua.
While the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) has consistently been targeted since their formation in November 2008, there has been an observably increased crackdown on them since April 2014. In the past five months, a total of 81 KNPB members were arrested. Data collected by Papuans Behind Bars shows that in April, there were six KNPB-affiliated arrests and in May, there were three further arrests. The number of KNPB arrests in June rose to 24 as Indonesian authorities aimed to prevent peaceful events commemorating 1 July, a date Papuans consider to be their national day. In July, there were 36 KNPB arrests in relation to a planned boycott of the Indonesian Presidential elections, the highest recorded number of KNPB arrests in 2014. This pattern continues in August with the arrests of 12 further KNPB members. One of the 12 arrested was a 16-year-old boy, who faced ill-treatment by Navy officers in Manokwari. Martinus Yohame, leader of the KNPB Sorong branchs, was kidnapped, tortured and murdered. Human rights NGO Amnesty International issued a statement condemning the murder and called on Indonesian authorities to carry out a prompt, thorough, competent, and impartial investigation into the killing.
In June and July 2014, mass arrests were recorded in Boven Digoel, Wamena and Timika. The pattern of mass arrests continued this month with the arrests of 20 people including women and children, in Nimbokrang district on the basis of alleged affiliations with the Papuan National Army/Free Papua Organisation (Tentera Papua Nasional/Organisasi Papua Merdeka, TPN/OPM). They were detained without arrest warrants and were beaten on arrest. Human rights lawyers were continuously obstructed in their attempts to gain access to the detainees in this case who remain in detention.
The humanitarian situation in Lanny Jaya is of particular concern following the reported burning down of traditional honai houses by the Indonesian military and police forces. Information received from the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) and the Fellowship of Baptist Churches of Papua (Persekutuan Gereja-Gereja Baptis Papua), among others, described reprisal attacks on civilians in Pirime district in Lanny Jaya regency. An unconfirmed number of people remain internally displaced, as they are unable to return to their villages due to destabilising military activity in Pirime district.
Five Papuans and two international journalists arrested in Wamena
On 6 August, five Papuans – Areki Wanimbo, Deni Douw, Enius Wanimbo, Jornus Wenda and Ahky Logo – and two French journalists; Thomas Charles Dandois and Valentine Bourrat, were arrested by Jayawijaya Regional police. Areki Wanimbo, Dandois and Bourrat remain in detention while the rest of those arrested have been released without charge.
On the day of their arrest, Dandois and Bourrat met with Areki Wanimbo, a tribal leader from Lanny Jaya, at his home in Wamena. Reports from human rights activists in Wamena stated that the two journalists intended to ask the tribal chief about the humanitarian situation following fighting which had broken out in Lanny Jaya between security forces and an armed movement headed by resistance leader Enden Wanimbo (See item below). After the meeting, the two journalists left to return to their hotel. Dandois travelled by motorcycle with Ahky Logo. The two men were followed by three intelligence officers from Jayapura Regional police, who moved to arrest them on their journey. Human rights activist Theo Hesegem, who drove Bourrat back to her hotel, was briefly stopped by intelligence officers who told them they would be in touch shortly. Hesegem returned home after sending Bourrat back to the hotel. Shortly afterwards, Bourrat was arrested at the hotel by Jayawijaya Regional police.
After the arrests of Dandois, Bourrat and Logo, police returned to the home of tribal chief Areki Wanimbo and searched his home. Police then arrested Areki Wanimbo, Deni Douw and Jornus Wenda who were also at his home. It is believed that another Papuan, Enius Wanimbo, was also arrested and later released without charge, but it is unclear exactly when and where. Information from lawyers with the Alliance for Democracy for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, ALDP), who are currently representing Areki Wanimbo, reported that the three men were verbally abused and received death threats from police officers on arrest.
According to information from Wamena-based human rights workers, the following day, Enius Wanimbo, Deni Douw, Jornus Wenda and Ahky Logo, the Head of the Foundation of Community Teaching, Education and Development (Yayasan Pendidikan Pengajaran dan Pembangunan Rakyat, Yayasan YP3R) were released without charge after being interrogated overnight without any legal accompaniment.
While initial accusations against Areki Wanimbo and the four other Papuan men were in relation to the breaching of immigration rules, given that the two journalists were working on tourist visas, the interrogation reportedly shifted to the situation in Lanny Jaya. Areki Wanimbo was then also accused of buying ammunition to give to the pro-independence armed movement the West Papua Nasional Liberation Army (Tentera Pembebasan Nasional Papua Barat, TPNPB). While he initially faced charges of possession of ammunition under Emergency Law 12/1951 and breaching immigration rules under Article 122 of Law 6/2011 on Immigration, he now faces charges of conspiracy to commit treason under Articles 106 and 110 of the Indonesian Penal Code. ALDP lawyers have criticised the unprofessional way Areki Wanimbo’s case had been handled, with the changing of charges and unsuitable evidence.
On 9 August, Dandois and Bourrat were transferred to Papua Provincial Police Headquarters (Kepolisian Daerah Papua, Polda Papua) for further interrogation. They are currently facing charges of breaching immigration rules under Article 122 of Law 6/2011 on Immigration, which carries a maximum sentence of five years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of IDR. 500 million (around USD42,700). Police have also stated that the two are suspected of espionage and attempting to destabilise Papua, and that further investigations will continue. Reporters Without Borders have issued a statement appealing to the Indonesian authorities to release them without delay.
On 12 August, Wanimbo was transferred to Polda Papua, without the knowledge of his lawyers, to undergo further interrogation while awaiting trial. The four Papuan men who were released without charge, along with human rights activist Theo Hesegem, have now been called to act as witnesses during the trial of Wanimbo, Dandois and Bourrat.
Pastor arrested during fighting between security forces and armed group in Lanny Jaya
Reports received from civil society organisations based in Papua, including ALDP, Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) and the Fellowship of Baptist Churches of Papua (Persekutuan Gereja-Gereja Baptis Papua), among others, described events from 28 July to 5 August, highlighting serious human rights concerns including the arrest of Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa.
Information from JAPH&HAM and the Fellowship of Baptist Churches described a meeting on 28 July between a pro-independence armed movement led by Enden Wanimbo and Lanny Jaya police, reportedly so that an arms transaction could take place. However, fighting broke out between them, allegedly due to the unwanted presence of a separate police brigade who were not involved in the deal. Reports suggested that at least one police officer died and several others were injured. The armed group reportedly seized four weapons and thousands of bullets before escaping into the forest. Several Indonesian news sites however reported a different version of events, stating instead only that security forces were attacked by the armed movement. The following day, military and police forces reportedly burned down traditional honai houses in Yugumeya and Wenam villages in Pirime in retribution. On 30 and 31 July, the burning of honai houses reportedly continued in Indawa village in Awinayu district and Ekanom village in Pirime district. Abednego Wakerkwa, a 10-year-old boy, was reportedly found dead in a burned down honai. Two pigs were also reportedly shot by security forces in Indawa village.
On 1 August, fighting between security forces and the armed group led by Enden Wanimbo resumed in Ekanom village, resulting in injuries on both sides. Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa of the Baptist Church of Jerusalam in Tekun village, Pirime district, was arrested at this time. Wakerkwa is believed to be in detention in Lanny Jaya Regional police station. It is unclear what charges he faces but he was reportedly arrested when police found a photo of the Morning Star flag on his phone. Early reports indicate that he is likely to have faced torture in detention.
Local sources reported that villagers are still unable to return to their villages due to military activity in Lanny Jaya. An unconfirmed number of people are believed to have been displaced due to the violence.
KNPB activists arrested and ill-treated for graffiti act in Manokwari
On 8 August 2014, two KNPB members, 16-year-old Robert Yelemaken and 21-year-old Onni Weya were arrested in Manokwari by three military officers from the Navy (Tentera Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut, TNI Angkatan Laut) and one plainclothes police officer. Reports received from various independent local human rights activists stated that they were arrested because they were painting graffiti stating anti-Indonesian Independence Day messages.
According to video testimony from Yelemaken, who has since been released, they were forced to lie down on the ground upon arrest and then kicked and severely beaten by the security forces with rifle butts and rattan sticks. They were then forced into a police truck where they continued to be kicked and beaten until they arrived at Manokwari Regional police station. Police poured the paint on them that they had used for the grafiti, and reportedly forced them to drink the paint. The two activists suffered various injuries from the beatings. Yelemaken received a swollen eye and Weya suffered cuts to the chin.
Majalah Selangkah reported that on 18 August, student activists from the State University of Papua (Universitas Negeri Papua, UNIPA) and various members of the public held a demonstration in Manokwari demanding the release of the two KNPB activists. Yelemaken was released on the same day, reportedly without the knowledge of his lawyers from the Institute of Research, Analysis and Development for Legal Aid (Lembaga Penelitian, Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Bantuan Hukum, LP3BH). On 2 September, lawyers received information that Weya was similarly released without their knowledge. He previously faced charges of incitement under Article 160 of the Indonesian Penal Code.
12 detained and charged with treason in Nimbokrang district clampdown
As reported in the previous update, in July police Mobile Brigades (Brigade Mobil, Brimob) and Papua regional police (Kepolisian Daerah Papua, Polda Papua) conducted raids in Kampung Berab in Nimbokrang district, reportedly after receiving information about alleged armed pro-independence camps in the village. An updated report received from Jayapura-based human rights investigators confirmed further arrests and continued police surveillance in Nimbokrang district. On 10 August 2014, 20 people, including four women and one child, were arrested in Warambaim in Nimbokrang district under accusations of being members of the TPN/OPM.
Information received from local lawyers stated that during arrest, at least some of those arrested were beaten by Nimbokrang District police and Jayapura Regional police. The 20 people were brought to Doyo District police station. Eight people were released without charge the following day, including the four women and one child, and three other men – Paulus Logo, Wene Naftali Hisage and Albert Matuan. Even though they had technically been released without charge, several police investigators continued to interrogate them on their identities and instructed that they remain in the police station. On 13 August, lawyers from KontraS Papua were denied access to the remaining 12 detainees. Investigators refused to provide any information regarding the detainees and instead asked the lawyers to coordinate with the Head of the Criminal Investigation Unit (Kepala Satuan Reserse dan Kriminal, Kasat Reskrim) of Jayapura Regional police station. When they approached the Kasat Reskrim, he in turn allowed access only to the eight people who had technically been released but remained in detention three days after their arrest. Upon meeting the eight individuals and hearing their plight, lawyers demanded their release. They were then released an hour later.
Lawyers continued to be denied access to the 12 remaining detainees – Philemon Yarem, Loserek Loho, Sahayu Loho, Enos Hisage, Herman Siep, Nius Alom, Jhon Lakopa Pigai, Gad Mabel, Anton Gobay, Yos Watei, Matius Yaung and Alpi Pahabol. Investigators at Doyo District police station refused their request of a copy of the arrest warrant, stating instead that this was not possible without permission from the Head of the Regional police (Kepala Polisi Resort, Kapolres). On 14 August, after hours of negotiation with the police, lawyers managed to obtain arrest warrants for only four of the detainees – Philemon Yare, Loserek Loho, Sahayu Loho and Enos Hisage. On 18 August, lawyers were permitted to meet these four detainees to get the Power of Attorney letters signed but were not allowed to hold discussions with them.
In the following days, after continued barriers to access, lawyers managed to negotiate with police to meet with the eight other detainees in order to get their Power of Attorney letters signed. According to lawyers, six of the detainees do not speak Indonesian, exposing them to greater vulnerability during their legal process. The 12 men face charges of treason under Article 106 of the Indonesian Penal Code. On 26 August, lawyers submitted a letter of complaint to the Head of Papua Provincial police outlining the barriers they faced to attaining free access to the 12 detainees and the ill-treatment faced by the detainees on arrest and in detention.
UNCEN authorities continue working with police to disperse demonstrations; journalist attacked
On 15 August, nine student activists belonging to the Papuan Student Youth Movement (Gerakan Mahasiswa Pemuda Rakyat Papua, GempaR) were arrested during a demonstration against the New York Agreement of 1962 at the Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) campus. Jubi reported the arrests of two of the nine students – Regina Wenda and Ribka Komba. It is believed they were released early on. The seven remaining students – Benny Hisage, Yason Ngelia, Klaos Pepuho, Gerson Rumrapuk, Bram Demetouw, Markus Dumupa and Yulianus Dumupa – were arrested by Abepura District police under the instruction of the Assistant Rector of UNCEN, Frederik Sokoy, echoing arrests made in July at the request of Paulina Watofa, the ex-Dean of the Medical School.
Papuan media sources Jubi and Suara Papua reported the intimidation and physical attack on Jubi journalist Aprila Wayar. While photographing the event, Wayar was approached by five police officers who attempted to seize her iPad. The Head of Regional police was reported to have told her that as the demonstration was illegal, journalists were not allowed to take photos of the event. She was then strangled by a police officer and dragged towards a police truck. Her protestations were ignored, even when she told police that she was a journalist. She was released only after several other people negotiated with the police.
On arrest, Ngelia, Rumrapuk and Hisage were beaten with rifle butts. Police seized IDR. 200,000 from Benny Hisage and handphones belonging to Dumupa and Pepuho. On 16 August, five of the seven students – Benny Hisage, Gerson Rumrapuk, Bram Demetouw, Markus Dumupa and Yulianus Dumupa – were released without charge. On 20August, Klaos Pepuho and Yason Ngelia were released upon the request of Assistant Rector Sokoy. The charges for Pepuho and Ngelia were suspended, putting them at risk of being rearrested and for charges against them to be resumed should they hold further demonstrations in the UNCEN campus.
KNPB activists detained over opening of KNPB office in Asmat
On 11 August, ten KNPB activists were arrested in Asmat by Asmat Regional police, reportedly under the instructions of the local regent. They were arrested and interrogated for four hours in relation to the opening of a KNPB office in Asmat. A human rights activist reported that around 300 people demonstrated for the release of the KNPB activists. All ten activists have since been released.
Head of Papuan cultural group arrested in Raja Ampat
On 22 August, at around 23:00, Abner Bastian Wanma, the Head of Sanggar Budaya SARAK-Sorong, a Papuan cultural group, was arrested in Waisai, Raja Ampat by 11 fully armed plainclothes officers from a joint task force composed of the Papuan National Police (Polisi Daerah Papua, Polda Papua) and Raja Ampat Regional police investigators (Reserse Polres Raja Ampat). LP3BH have issued a statement protesting the unprocedural manner of his arrest and calling for his unconditional release. It is uncertain whether Wanma faces any charges, and under what basis he was arrested.
Victor Yeimo released
On 5 August, Victor Yeimo, the General Secretary of KNPB, was released on parole from Abepura prison. Yeimo was first arrested on 21 October 2009 and initially sentenced to three years in jail for conspiracy to commit treason. His sentence was later decreased to one year’s imprisonment. He was then arrested for a second time on 13 May 2013 while leading a demonstration and was ordered to finish the rest of his three-year sentence given in 2009. This is despite the fact that the sentence had been decreased to a year.
Five detainees in Timika 1 May case released
Credible information received from a local source in Timika confirmed the release of the five detainees in the Timika 1 May case – Domi Mom, Alfisu Wamang, Musa Elas, Eminus Waker and Yacob Onawame. The five men being tried for a peaceful flag-raising ceremony in Timika in May 2013 were given eight month prison sentences on 25 November 2013. The men were convicted of conspiracy to commit treason for their role in the ceremony, were reportedly tortured on arrest and have suffered various health problems while in prison, for which they did not receive medical attention.
Kristianus Madai released
Human rights lawyers from KontraS Papua reported the release of Kristianus Delgion Madai from Abepura prison on 3 August 2014 following the end of his six-month prison sentence. He was charged for possession of ammunition under Emergency Law 12/1951 after being arrested for allegedly smuggling eight 8.4mm calibre bullets while in transit at Sentani Aiport. Lawyers reported that it is possible that Madai was sentenced due to his previous activity in peaceful student demonstrations in Jakarta, during the visit of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG).
Political trials and cases overview
Sasawa detainees charged with rebellion
Information from defence lawyers from the Alliance for Democracy for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, ALDP) reported that the seven detainees in the Sasawa arrests case are charged with rebellion under Article 108 of the Indonesian Penal Code for allegedly being involved the armed pro-independence movement, the West Papua National Army (Tentara Nasional Papua Barat, TNPB). This charge is on top of their charges of treason under Article 106 and possession of sharp weapons under the Emergency Law 12/1951. The next court session on 1 September will hear the testimonies of the witnesses.
According to information from local human rights defenders, the defendants Salmon Windesi, Peneas Reri, Kornelius Woniana, Obeth Kayoi, Rudi Otis Barangkea, Jemi Yermias Kapanai and Septinus Wonawoai were arrested during a military raid on Sasawa village targeting TPN/OPM members. Information published on ALDP’s website reported that the seven men faced torture on arrest by police and military forces. Defence lawyers from ALDP have stated that the seven men are not members of any armed movements but are instead ordinary civilians of Sasawa village with regular professions.
Five detained in 9 July Boycott arrests face charges of conspiracy to endanger security of persons or property
ALDP lawyers reported that Yosep Siep, Ibrahim Marian, Marsel Marian, Yance Walilo and Yosasam Serabut, who were arrested on 9 July, are currently facing charges under Articles 187 and 164 for conspiracy to endanger security of persons or property, for reportedly making and using explosives. The five men were arrested alongside 13 others, who have since been released, for their involvement in the distribution of flyers calling for an election boycott. ALDP lawyers were informed by the five men and their family members that they faced torture on arrest.
Two in Yalengga flag-raising case no longer in detention
Reports received from ALDP lawyers stated that Obed Kosay and Oskar Hilago in the Yalengga flag-raising case are no longer in detention. It is believed that they have escaped from Wamena prison. Clemency for the case is currently being considered at the Indonesian State Secretariat (Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia, Setneg). Meki Elosak and Wiki Meaga remain behind bars in Wamena prison.
Report reveals new details in Pirime shootings 2012 case
Newly received reports from Jayapura-based human rights sources reveal more information regarding the case of Yogor Telenggen. Information regarding this case has been difficult to obtain, and early reports received indicated that Telenggen was likely to be a political prisoner, as according to Papuans Behind Bars guidelines. More detailed reports however suggest otherwise and he has therefore been taken off the list of political prisoners. However, these reports have revealed concerning details on the case, including the arrests of three other people.
On 10 March 2013, Yogor Telenggen was arrested by Jayapura police and brought to Papuan Provincial Police Headquarters under accusations of an attack on Pirime District police station on 27 November 2012. On the way to the police station, he was hit on the face and beaten six times on the back with a rifle butt. His family was reportedly not told of his arrest. On 5 July 2013, Usmin Telenggen, a student, was arrested by Jayapura police in connection with the same case. During their detention in Papuan Provinicial police station, both detainees were not allowed legal representation. On 2 October 2013, they were transferred to Wamena Regional police station while awaiting trial. They did not have any legal representation throughout the length of their trial. On 15 June 2014, they were both sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. Two days later, they were re-sentenced to life imprisonment after being found guilty of murder and violence against persons or property under Articles 340, 338, 170 and 251 of the Indonesian Penal Code and possession of weapons under the Emergency Law 1/1951. Upon sentencing, they were transferred to Abepura prison to serve their sentences.
Reports also described the arrests of two other men in Puncak Jaya. In connection with this case on 4 April 2014, Gision Wonda was arrested, while Dimion Telenggen was arrested two days later. They were initially detained in Papua Provincial Police Headquarters but were later transferred to Wamena Regional police station. They have both reportedly faced torture and intimidation in detention. Human rights workers reported that they were electrocuted, beaten with rifle butts and severely beaten in detention. Under torture, they have reportedly confessed to their involvement in the attack on Pirime District police station on 27 November 2012. They currently do not have legal representation.
Cases of concern
KNPB Sorong leader kidnapped and murdered
Reports received from KNPB activists described the kidnapping and murder of Martinus Yohame, the Head of KNPB Sorong. On 19 August, Yohame alongside other KNPB and People’s Local Parliament (Parlemen Rakyat Daerah, PRD) members held a press conference in Sorong addressing the visit of Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono aimed at promoting tourism to Raja Ampat. Yohame criticised the move as being harmful to the ecosystem and environment in Papua. After the press conference, he reportedly received a phone call from a woman who claimed to be from the National Committee on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) in Jakarta. The caller requested a meeting with Yohame, who obliged. They met in front of the Mayor’s office where the woman then offered to have a meal with Yohame. A man was also present, who was reportedly filming their actions. Before leaving, the woman told Yohame that they would stay in touch with him. Activists alleged that Yohame went missing on 20 August after leaving his home at around 12:00 to answer a phone call from the woman. He was allegedly told by the caller to cross the road from his home.
As reported in Tabloid Jubi, on 26 August, Martinus Yohame’s body was found by a fisherman close to the shore of Nana Island, in the Doom island area of Sorong. He was found in a sack, with his hands and feet tied. According to the hospital autopsy report, Yohame was shot in the left chest area and his face was smashed in due to heavy beatings. A 1×1 cm hole was found in his left chest and a 2x3cm hole was found in the right side of his stomach, suggesting bullet wounds. The body’s height was 1.79 metres and had dreadlocks, fitting Yohame’s description. The KNPB have stated that they believe that Yohame was kidnapped and murdered by Special Forces Command (Komando Pasukan Khusus, Kopassus) officers.
Yohame had previously been arrested following his involvement in peaceful political activity. On 26 November 2013, Yohame and two other KNPB activists were arrested and detained for several hours because of their involvement in the demonstrations supporting the Sorong to Samarai campaign, which aimed to gather signatories from across Papua New Guinea in support of West Papua’s membership application to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG).
Human rights lawyer summoned twice by Jayapura police
Prominent human rights lawyer Gustaf Kawer has received two summonses under accusations of coercion and rebelliousness under Articles 211 and 212 of the Indonesian Penal Code. On 22 August, a first summons was issued stating that Kawer had been called as a witness to a case against himself. On 25 August, he was sent a second summons that explained that he had been reported by an administrative court judge. It concerned a protest Kawer had made against Jayapura court judges during a hearing on an indigenous land dispute with the government held on 12 June 2014. He protested the judge’s decision to dismiss his request for adjournment and hold the hearing without his presence. In 2012, Kawer was threatened with prosecution when he represented the Jayapura Five who were accused of treason.
Filep Karma rejects Indonesian Independence Day remission
On 17 August, Filep Karma rejected a six month remission offered to him as part of remissions given to prisoners annually on Indonesia’s Independence Day. Karma stated that accepting a remission was akin to admitting to being guilty of wrongdoing, which he rejects. Karma is serving 15 years in prison for organising a flag-raising ceremony in Abepura in 2004. This December will see the 10th anniversary of his imprisonment.
August 2014 Papuan political prisoners
|Prisoner||Arrested||Charges||Sentence||Case||Accused of violence?||Concerns reported re legal process?||Prison / Place of detention|
|1||Abner Bastian Wanma||22 August 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Raja Ampat cultural group leader arrest||Uncertain||Uncertain||Raja Ampat|
|2||Philemon Yarem||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|3||Loserek Loho||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|4||Sahayu Loho||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|5||Enos Hisage||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|6||Herman Siep||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|7||Nius Alom||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|8||Jhon Lakopa Pigai||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|9||Gad Mabel||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|10||Anton Gobay||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|11||Yos Watei||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|12||Matius Yaung||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Doyo Regional police station|
|13||Alpi Pahabol||10 August 2014||Articles 106, 87, 53||Awaiting trial||Nimbokran arrests||Uncertain||Uncertain||Doyo Regional police station|
|14||Areki Wanimbo||6 August 2014||Articles 106 and 110||Awaiting trial||French journalists arrests in Wamena||Uncertain||Uncertain||Papuan Police Headquarters|
|15||Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa||1 August 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Lanny Jaya 2014 military raid arrests||Uncertain||Uncertain||Lanny Jaya Regional police station|
|16||Sudi Wetipo||14 July 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Uncertain||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|17||Elius Elosak||14 July 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Uncertain||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|18||Domi Wetipo||14 July 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Uncertain||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|19||Agus Doga||14 July 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Uncertain||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|20||Yosep Siep||9 July 2014||Articles 187, 164||Awaiting trial||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Yes||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|21||Ibrahim Marian||9 July 2014||Articles 187, 164||Awaiting trial||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Yes||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|22||Marsel Marian||9 July 2014||Articles 187, 164||Awaiting trial||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Yes||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|23||Yance Walilo||9 July 2014||Articles 187, 164||Awaiting trial||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Yes||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|24||Yosasam Serabut||9 July 2014||Articles 187, 164||Awaiting trial||Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena||Yes||Uncertain||Jayawijaya Regional police station|
|25||Alapia Yalak||4 June 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Yahukimo arrests||Yes||Yes||Papua Police Headquarters|
|26||Ferdinandus Blagaize||24 May 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Merauke KNPB arrests||No||Uncertain||Okaba District police station|
|27||Selestinus Blagaize||24 May 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Merauke KNPB arrests||No||Uncertain||Okaba District police station|
|28||Lendeng Omu||21 May 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Yahukimo arrests||Uncertain||Yes||Yahukimo Regional police station|
|29||Jemi Yermias Kapanai||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|30||Septinus Wonawoai||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|31||Rudi Otis Barangkea||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|32||Kornelius Woniana||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|33||Peneas Reri||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|34||Salmon Windesi||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|35||Obeth Kayoi||1 February 2014||Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Sasawa military raid arrests||Yes||Yes||Sorong|
|36||Yenite Morib||26 January 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Dondobaga church arrests||Yes||Yes||Puncak Jaya regional police station|
|37||Tiragud Enumby||26 January 2014||Unknown||Police investigation pending||Dondobaga church arrests||Yes||Yes||Puncak Jaya regional police station|
|38||Deber Enumby||4 January 2014||Emergency Law 12/1951||Police investigation pending||Kurilik firearms arrests||Yes||Yes||Papua Police Headquarters|
|39||Soleman Fonataba||17 December 2013||106, 110)1, 53, 55||Trial beginning on 6 August||Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests||No / not yet clear||No||On bail, cannot leave Sarmi|
|40||Edison Werimon||13 December 2013||106, 110)1, 53, 55||Trial beginning on 6 August||Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests||No / not yet clear||No||On bail, cannot leave Sarmi|
|41||Piethein Manggaprouw||19 October 2013||106, 110||2 years||Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak||No||Yes||Biak|
|42||Apolos Sewa*||28 August 2013||106, 110||Under investigation||Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong||No||Yes||On bail|
|43||Yohanis Goram Gaman*||28 August 2013||106, 110||Under investigation||Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong||No||Yes||On bail|
|44||Amandus Mirino*||28 August 2013||106, 110||Under investigation||Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong||No||Yes||On bail|
|45||Samuel Klasjok*||28 August 2013||106, 110||Under investigation||Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong||No||Yes||On bail|
|46||Stefanus Banal||19 May 2013||170 )1||1 year and 7 months||Pegunungan Bintang police raid 2013||Yes||Yes||Abepura|
|47||Oktovianus Warnares||1 May 2013||106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951||5 years||Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|48||Yoseph Arwakon||1 May 2013||106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951||2 years and 6 months||Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|49||Markus Sawias||1 May 2013||106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951||On trial||Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|50||George Syors Simyapen||1 May 2013||106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951||4.5 years||Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|51||Jantje Wamaer||1 May 2013||106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951||2.5 years||Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|52||Hengky Mangamis||30 April 2013||106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|53||Yordan Magablo||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|54||Obaja Kamesrar||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|55||Antonius Saruf||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|56||Obeth Kamesrar||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|57||Klemens Kodimko||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||1 year and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|58||Isak Klaibin||30 April
|106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164||3 years and 6 months||Aimas 1 May commemoration||No||Yes||Sorong|
|59||Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori)||3 March 2013||110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951||2 years 2 months||Sarmi treason||No||Yes||Sarmi|
|60||Niko Sasomar||3 March 2013||110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951||2 years 2 months||Sarmi treason||No||Yes||Sarmi|
|61||Sileman Teno||3 March 2013||110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951||2 years 2 months||Sarmi treason||No||Yes||Sarmi|
|62||Jefri Wandikbo||7 June 2012||340, 56, Law 8/1981||8 years||KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura||Yes||Yes||Abepura|
|63||Timur Wakerkwa||1 May 2012||106||2.5 years||1 May demo and flag-raising||No||No||Abepura|
|64||Darius Kogoya||1 May 2012||106||3 years||1 May demo and flag-raising||No||No||Abepura|
|65||Wiki Meaga||20 November 2010||106||8 years||Yalengga flag-raising||No||Yes||Wamena|
|66||Meki Elosak||20 November 2010||106||8 years||Yalengga flag-raising||No||Yes||Wamena|
|67||George Ariks||13 March 2009||106||5 years||Unknown||Unknown||No||Manokwari|
|68||Filep Karma||1 December 2004||106||15 years||Abepura flag-raising 2004||No||Yes||Abepura|
|69||Yusanur Wenda||30 April 2004||106||17 years||Wunin arrests||Yes||No||Wamena|
|70||Linus Hiel Hiluka||27 May 2003||106||19 years and 10 months||Wamena ammunition store raid||Yes||Yes||Nabire|
|71||Kimanus Wenda||12 April 2003||106||19 years and 10 months||Wamena ammunition store raid||Yes||Yes||Nabire|
|72||Jefrai Murib||12 April 2003||106||Life||Wamena ammunition store raid||Yes||Yes||Abepura|
|73||Numbungga Telenggen||11 April 2003||106||Life||Wamena ammunition store raid||Yes||Yes||Biak|
|74||Apotnalogolik Lokobal||10 April 2003||106||20 years||Wamena ammunition store raid||Yes||Yes||Biak|
* Apolos Sewa, Yohanis Goram Gaman, Amandus Mirino and Samuel Klasjok are currently facing charges of conspiracy to commit treason. Even though they were bailed a day after their arrest, they are currently undergoing investigation and are vulnerable to re-arrest. They are currently obliged to report to the police twice a week.
Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.
Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.
Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org