Yohan Hiluka was arrested in January 2005 in Wunin sub-district in the Papuan Central Highlands. Along with at least six others, he was accused of burning down a local school and district government building, and being a member of the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM).
We believe that seven people were convicted in connection with this incident: Yohan/Yowan Hiluka; Limanus/Lewanus Wenda; Yotimin/Yoimin Weya; Similes Gire Tabuni; Manase Telenggen; Yusanur/Yus Wenda, and Nipenua Wenda. A number of other people were reported arrested at the time, including Natan Wenda, Benius Kogoya, John Hiluka (possibly the same person as Yohan Hiluka) and Solimin Weya, but it is not known if they were detained for a longer period or if they faced trial.
The information surrounding the arrests, detention and trial in this case is far from complete. Understanding how events unfolded in Wunin in early 2005 is further complicated by the fact that different sources have used different spellings of the names of the men involved. However, human rights lawyers based in Papua consider Yohan Hiluka to be a political prisoner.
The Wunin arrests briefly made headlines in the Indonesian national press because it was reported that Kelly Kwalik, a well known OPM leader, was amongst those arrested. Despite the initial publicity however, there is still much ambiguity about how many people were arrested and on which date. An article originally published in Kompas states that seven people were arrested by police Mobile Brigades (Brigade Mobil, known locally as ‘Brimob’) on 22 January 2005. A Cenderawasih Pos article claims that six suspected OPM members – including Yohan Hiluka – were arrested on 21 January 2005, and were being held along with another three men who had been arrested previously, suspected of involvement in the burnings.
Reverend Socratez Sofyan Yoman, president of the West Papuan Baptist Church, wrote a report about the incident on 30 January 2005, and other than mainstream media reports, this is one of the few independent sources on what might have happened. Reverend Yoman lists eight names of those arrested, including Yohan Hiluka, and claims they were ordinary civilians, not OPM fighters. Reverend Yoman also made clear that neither Papuan Highlanders nor the OPM would burn schools because it was not what they were fighting for. According to Reverend Yoman, neither church representatives nor the prisoners’ families had been allowed to meet the prisoners.
Some days after the arrests, Indonesian military Commander Nurdin Zainal finally clarified that it was not Kelly Kwalik who had been arrested, but actually a man called Manase Telenggen. Whether or not Mr Telenggen gave the name Kelly Kwalik when he was arrested, or whether this was an act of deliberate deception by the military remains unclear. Reverend Yoman suspects the latter in his report, as does the Office for Justice and Peace (Sekratariat untuk Keadilan dan Perdamaian, SKP), who analysed the situation in their Papua Aktual report. They point out that this disinformation created a false public opinion, while there were then no further reports regarding the real identity of the group, whether or not they were involved in acts of violence and the legal processes initiated against them. They believe such a tactic creates an impression of the Central Highlands as a conflict zone, hence justifying the military presence.
Regarding the original incident of the burnings, an article was published by West Papua News on 15 January 2005 (ie several days before any arrests took place) and was posted on various websites. The report states that military troops from the Special Forces unit (Komandan pasukan khusus, Kopassus) arrived at 08:00 and burned down all the houses in the village as well as the public buildings. Brimob were also reportedly present, arriving in an Air Force helicopter.
No reports have been found about the subsequent conditions of imprisonment, trial, or sentence of those arrested.
On 4 June 2012, following a jailbreak at Wamena prison, Yohan Hiluka reportedly escaped from prison, along with several other prisoners including Yotimin Weya, Manase Telenggen and Limanus Wenda. They were listed as being ‘treason’ convicts. This event provided confirmation that those arrested in 2005 were still in detention at the time of their escape, suggesting that the remaining three prisoners are very likely are still in detention.
Kompas, “Pemimpin OPM Keli Kwalik ditahan di Jayapura”, 27 January 2005, posted on http://www.prakarsa-rakyat.org/artikel/news/artikel.php?aid=911
Cenderawasih Pos, “Serang petuga, 42 napi lapas Wamena kabur,” 5 June 2012, http://www.cenderawasihpos.com/index.php?mib=berita.detail&id=5686
Cenderawasih Pos, “6 Orang diduga anggota TPN/OPM di tangkap” [undated], posted on http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Komunitas_Papua/message/2971
Socratez Sofyan Yoman, “Laporan Peristiwa Tolikara”, 30 January 2005, http://groups.yahoo.com/group/tribal-melanesia/message/2223
TNI website, “Pangdam : Itu bukan Kelly yang dikenal umum”, [undated] http://tni.mil.id/index2.php?page=detailnas.html&nw_code=753
Sekretariat Keadilan dan Perdamaian Keuskupan Jayapura, Papua Aktual, Jan-Mar 2005, available from SKP or TAPOL.
West Papua News, “Houses, Churches and Public Buildings burnt,” 15 January 2005, http://santacruz.indymedia.org/newswire/display/14608/index.php
Last updated: 4 January 2013