Oskar Hilago was arrested on 20 November 2010 on his way to the funeral of a relative in Piramid village near Bokondini in the Central Highlands of West Papua. The relative had fallen ill after being tortured by police a few months earlier and had subsequently died. According to local newspaper Tabloid Jubi, a group of nine men, including Mr Hilago, were arrested on their way to the funeral, because they had allegedly raised the Morning Star flag in Yalengga village before they left.
According to a court document (see below), Mr Hilago was arrested along with Toebaga Kilunga, Meki Tabuni, Wombi Tabuni, Miki Meaga, Pastor Ali Jikwa, Obeth Kosay, Meki Elosak and Peres Tabuni. No information about the cases of Oskar Hilago, Peres Tabuni and Meki Elosak has so far been made available.
According to another Jubi report, local people said that the nine men were tortured when they were arrested. The police, who stated that the arrested people belong to a group called the ‘West Papua Revolutionary Army,’ denied the torture, according to a report in Tempo magazine.
Although the case was widely reported when it happened, due to it coinciding with a visit of the Indonesian President to Papua, there are no further media or NGO reports about subsequent charges, trial or imprisonment of the suspects. However, the decision of Wamena District Court against six of the nine people arrested (Obeth Kosay, Teobaga Kilungga, Wombi Tabuni, Wiki Meaga, Ali Jikwa and Meki Tabuni) has been published by the Supreme Court, which upheld the verdict on appeal. The document reveals that the prosecution accused the nine men of bringing a Morning Star flag mounted on a pole to Yalengga so that the deceased relative (named as Marthen Wenda) could be buried next to the Papuan flag. They were arrested before they reached Mr Wenda’s residence, where mourning was underway. A brief reference is made to the flag having been planted in the ground at the moment of their arrest, and several letters were apparently found by police referring to a ‘Tim 1000’ of delegates from the OPM assigned to meet with the Indonesian President.
According to the court report, these accusations constitute the crime for which the six men were each sentenced to eight years’ imprisonment for treason. The trial records of the other three men (whose names are given here as Oskar Hilago, Meki Elosak and Peres Tabuni) have not been made available.
A report in the Cenderawasih Pos claimed that Pastor Ali Yikwa and Toebaga Kilungga were among 42 prisoners who reportedly escaped Wamena Prison in a mass breakout on 4 June 2012. In February 2013, information from Papuan lawyers in contact with Wamena prison authorities confirmed that Obeth Kosay, Oskar Hilago, Meki Elosak and Wiki Meaga were still in prison, whereas Peres Tabuni, Meki Tabuni and Wombi Tabuni were no longer in prison. Whether they were released or escaped in June 2012 is unknown.
Tabloid Jubi, 26th November 2010, http://tabloidjubi.com/daily-news/seputar-tanah-papua/9888-kapolres-jayawijaya-qno-commentq-soal-bintang-kejora.html
Tabloid Jubi, 23rd November 2010, http://www.infopapua.org/WPB/index.php/home/459-di-jayawijaya-8-warga-sipil-disiksa-polisi
Tempo, 22nd November 2010, http://www.tempo.co.id/hg/nasional/2010/11/22/brk,20101122-293443,uk.html
Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia, Decision 38/Pid.B/2011/PN.Wmn. http://putusan.mahkamahagung.go.id/putusan/downloadpdf/a9415fbd56b547e11f5d19fb224c6c98/pdf
Cenderawasih Pos, 5th June 2012, Serang Petugas, 42 Napi Lapas Wamena Kabur, http://www.cenderawasihpos.com/index.php?mib=berita.detail&id=5686
Last updated: 9 January 2013